Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
Done at Vienna on 24 April 1963. Entered into force on 19 March 1967. United Nations, Treaty Series, vo1. 596, p. 261
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Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
Done at Vienna on 24 April 1963
The States Parties to the present Convention,
Recalling that consular relations have been established between peoples since ancient times, Having in mind the Purposes and Principles of the Charter of the United Nations concerning the sovereign equality of States, the maintenance of international peace and security, and the promotion of friendly relations among nations,
Considering that the United Nations Conference on Diplomatic Intercourse and Immunities adopted the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations which was opened for signature on 18 April 1961,
Believing that an international convention on consular relations, privileges and immunities would also contribute to the development of friendly relations among nations, irrespective of their differing constitutional and social systems,
Realizing that the purpose of such privileges and immunities is not to benefit individuals but to ensure the efficient performance of functions by consular posts on behalf of their respective States, Affirming that the rules of customary international law continue to govern matters not expressly regulated by the provisions of the present Convention,
Have agreed as follows:
1.For the purposes of the present Convention, the following expressions shall have the meanings hereunder assigned to them:
(a) “consular post” means any consulate-general, consulate, vice-consulate or consular agency; (b) “consular district” means the area assigned to a consular post for the exercise of consular functions;
(c) “head of consular post” means the person charged with the duty of acting in that capacity; (d) “consular officer” means any person, including the head of a consular post, entrusted in that capacity with the exercise of consular functions;
(e) “consular employee” means any person employed in the administrative or technical service of a consular post;3
(f) “member of the service staff” means any person employed in the domestic service of a consular post;
(g) “members of the consular post” means consular officers, consular employees and members of the service staff;
(h) “members of the consular staff” means consular officers, other than the head of a consular post, consular employees and members of the service staff;
(i) “member of the private staff” means a person who is employed exclusively in the private service of a member of the consular post;
(j) “consular premises” means the buildings or parts of buildings and the land ancillary thereto, irrespective of ownership, used exclusively for the purposes of the consular post; (k) “consular archives” includes all the papers, documents, correspondence, books, films, tapes and registers of the consular post, together with the ciphers and codes, the card-indexes and any article of furniture intended for their protection or safe keeping.
2.Consular officers are of two categories, namely career consular officers and honorary consular officers. The provisions of Chapter II of the present Convention apply to consular posts headed by career consular officers, the provisions of Chapter III govern consular posts headed by honorary consular officers.
3.The particular status of members of the consular posts who are nationals or permanent residents of the receiving State is governed by article 71 of the present Convention. CHAPTER I.
CONSULAR RELATIONS IN GENERAL
SECTION I. ESTABLISHMENT AND CONDUCT OF CONSULAR RELATIONS
Establishment of consular relations
1.The establishment of consular relations between States takes place by mutual consent. 2. The consent given to the establishment of diplomatic relations between two States implies, unless otherwise stated, consent to the establishment...
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