The Case of Marie: A Glimpse of Psychosocial Development
Development across the entire lifespan, from birth through death, is addressed with Erik Erikson’s theory of psychosocial development. This is a well-known personality theory differs from other theories due to the theory addressing the lifespan. An individual manages a series of conflicts which are the epic centers of human development. In Erikson’s theory of human development, he suggest internal strengths as well as inherent characteristics with ego virtues are significant factors in psychosocial stage resolutions (Markstrom, Sabino, Turner, & Berman, 1997). In the case of Marie, a mental health counselor will focus on guiding her through the crisis of integrity vs. despair, the eighth stage of Erikson’s theory (Newman & Newman, 2012). Marie is sixty-eight years old and falls into the mature or late adulthood stage of the psychosocial development stage, integrity vs. despair. In this course of human development, mature adults reminisce on their lives. Through this reminiscing the prime adaptive ego of wisdom and the core pathology of disdain will be elements addressed in the conflict of integrity vs. despair (Newman & Newman, 2012). In life-span development a person changes and or adapts to changing set of circumstances. A positive development is achieved through an individual’s adaptive value and how they function as an individual within the community (Staudinger & Kunzmann, 2005). A positive development is imperative in the day to day maintenance of an individual’s health and well-being. This well-being of life satisfaction is connected to the perception of the individual and how they navigate the societal expectations with their coping skills and resiliency (Staudinger & Kunzmann, 2005). In the case of Marie, it appears she is suffering from the core pathology of despair and may not have had a positive development within some aspects of her societal expectations with family or how she perceives her vale as an adult after retirement. The first step in working with our client Marie would be addressing the symptoms of anxiousness, depression, and the beginnings of memory loss. A mental health counselor would use an assessment tool which most likely will address a diagnosis due to these burgeoning issues in Marie’s life. There also appears to be some supplementary issues in connection to Marie’s family as a source of issues; on top of her grief of her husband passing. By apprising the family structure and history of the family; a mental health counselor will profit from this information to help address the extent of Marie’s emotional struggles. Marie’s reluctance to properly take prescription medication after her knee replacement surgery is in connection to her daughter’s dependency on pain medications and her feelings of being a liability on the family. In Marie’s case her self-worth is down in conjunction with being lonely and reflecting on possible past mistakes. Many older adults seem to lose sense of insight on a personal level but still utilize their overall knowledge of how things work in their lives (Staudinger & Kunzmann, 2005). Marie appears to have suffered both a traumatic family event in connection to Lisa’s addiction affecting her own use of pain medication, role transitioning and the loss of her husband. This usually leads a person into insight of their own personality development causing change (Staudinger & Kunzmann, 2005). Marie appears to be lacking feelings of integrity through family regrets within her past life. The contemporary influences in Marie’s life are her heath issues, family relationships, and role transition into retirement. If Marie does not reconcile her past with her immediate future and achieve her integrity in connection to her situations; she will soon have issues successfully finding achievement in the psychosocial development stage of elderhood. Marie is on the cusp of elderhood; and in many instance she...
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