Facts: The Negro plaintiffs in these cases were denied admission schools attended by the white children under the laws requiring or permitting segregation according to race. All the court adhered to the “separate but equal” doctrine and held that the plaintiffs were not admitted to the white schools (except for the plaintiff in the Delaware case). In the instant cases, the plaintiffs contend that segregated public schools are not “equal” and they are deprived of the equal protection of the laws. 1. Holding: the Court held that: * The history of the Fourteenth Amendment is inconclusive as to its intended effect on the public education. * Segregation of children in public schools solely on the basis of race, even though the physical facilities and other “tangible” factors may be equal, deprives the children of the minority group of the equal educational opportunities. * In the field of education, the doctrine “separate but equal” has no place. Our group agrees with this decision of The Supreme Court because it was not fair to have black and white students separated in different schools.
We believe that discrimination against children in public schools solely on skin color, even though the facilities or other “tangible" factors may be equal deprives the minority children group of the educational opportunities equal education. In addition, Racism with the approval of the law tends to slow down the development of the educational and mental development of black children, deprives them of the benefits they should have been entitled in a school to integrate all races.
We agree that education in public schools is a right which must be made available to all on equal terms. The doctrine "separate but equal" has no place in the field of public education. Therefore, we believe that those who are discriminated against have been deprived of the Equal Protection of the laws under the Fourteenth Amendment because of the distinction mentioned above. 2. Legal