The broken family

Topics: Criminology, Juvenile delinquency, Crime Pages: 14 (9070 words) Published: February 7, 2015
The “Broken Home” or Broken Society A Sociological Study of Family Structure and Juvenile Delinquency By Hillary R. Sheehan Advised by Professor Chris Bickel SocS 461, 462 Senior Project Social Science Department College of Liberal Arts CALIFORNIA POLYTECHNIC STATE UNIVERSITY Winter, 2010 © 2010 Hillary Sheehan Delinquency 2 TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter Page Research Proposal…………………………………………………………………………3 Annotated Bibliography…………………………………………………………………...5 Outline……………………………………………………………………………………10 Abstract…………………………………………………………………………………..14 Introduction………………………………………………………………………………15 The “Broken Home”: Truth or Trend……………………………………………15 Statistics on Single-Parent Families and Juvenile Delinquency…………………21 Case Study……………………………………………………………………….23 Theories…………………………………………………………………………..27 Criticisms………………………………………………………………………...32 Conclusion……………………………………………………………………….34 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………………..36 Delinquency 3 Research Proposal The goal of this research paper is to explore the topic of juvenile delinquency and to analyze the cause of such behavior. The topic of most interest is how the family structure plays a role in delinquent behavior and what can be said about the so called broken home. There is a lot of research in criminal justice that tries to explore the reasons behind people’s behavior and this paper is intending to address youth who have been involved in the system. By exploring this topic I hope to get a better understanding of juvenile delinquency facts and trends as well as see what issues play a role in this behavior. There is a lot of research required to narrow my topic so that I can focus in on a point of interest. By looking at the history of juvenile delinquency and particularly the broken home theory a lot insight can be gained on this topic. I will also need to take a look at juvenile delinquency statistics to get an idea of the magnitude of this problem as well as see how these numbers have changed over time. Finding out the causes and or triggers of such behavior is what I’m really interested in. After researching the history, causes and statistics of juvenile delinquency a better understanding can be reached. I want to find a few case studies that will aid in making the topic of my paper stronger. My intent is to find some existing data on juvenile delinquency and perform a secondary analysis on this topic to see if I can answer my hypothesis which I think will be, “Singleparents are not more likely to have their adolescent children involved in delinquency, than are two biological, married parents.” At this point I will need to take a look at some theories to explain this problem from a sociological or criminologist perspective. Delinquency 4 The main goal of the project is to become more knowledgeable about juvenile delinquency in general to aid me in my career goal of becoming a probation officer or social worker. Delinquency 5 Annotated Bibliography Adams, M S, Robertson, C T, Gray-Ray, P., & Ray, M C (Spring 2003). Labeling and delinquency Adolescence, 38, 149. p.171(16). The authors investigate the association of delinquency to symbolic interaction theories as well as the labeling theory. They conclude that delinquency is related to labeling in that youth who receive negative labels are more likely to be involved in delinquent behavior. They emphasize the fact that peer groups have a big impact on criminal involvement. This work will be helpful to my project because it supports my thesis that family structure does not play the biggest role in delinquency. It will also be helpful because many different theories can be applied to youth crime and better explain this problem. Adler, F., Mueller, G., & Laufer, W. (2007) Criminology. Seventh Edition. McGraw Hill. New York, NY. Pgs 88-173. This book is a study of criminology as well as social and behavioral science. It explores the definitions, law, measurements, theories, subcultures, and types of crime. The authors discuss many...

Bibliography: Adams, M S, Robertson, C T, Gray-Ray, P., & Ray, M C (Spring 2003). Labeling and delinquency. Adolescence, 38, 149. p.171 (16). Retrieved May 23, 2009, from Expanded Academic ASAP via Gale: http://find.galegroup.com.ezproxy.lib.calpoly.edu:2048/itx/start.do?prodId=EAIM Adler, F., Mueller, G., & Laufer, W. (2007) Criminology. Seventh Edition. McGraw Hill. New York, NY. Pgs 88-173 Beaver, Kevin M., Wright, John Paul. (2007). A Child Effects Explanation for the Association between Family Risk and Involvement in an Antisocial Lifestyle. Journal of Adolescent Research 22: 640-664 http://jar.sagepub.com.ezproxy.lib.calpoly.edu:2048/cgi/reprint/22/6/640 Cao, Liquin; Cao, Jian; Zhao, Jihong. (2004). Family, welfare and delinquency. Journal of Criminal Justice. Volume 32. Issue 6. Pages 565-576. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/ Center on Juvenile and Criminal Justice. Intro to Juvenile Justice and Myths and Facts about Youth and Crime. (2008). http://www.cjcj.org/jjic/intro.php Crawford, Lizabeth A., Novak, Katherine B. (2008). Parent Child Relations and Peer Associations as Mediators of the Family Structure Substance Use Relationship. Journal of Family Issues. Pg. 155-184. http://jfi.sagepub.com.ezproxy.lib.calpoly.edu:2048/cgi/reprint/29/2/155 Jencks, Christopher. (March 21, 1990). The Real Welfare Problem. The American Prospect, Inc. http://www.prospect.org/cs/articles?article=the_real_welfare_problem Delinquency 37 Jensen, Gary F. (2003). Social Control Theories in Encyclopedia of Criminology. Richard A. Wright (Editor). Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers. http://sitemason.vanderbilt.edu/files/l/l3Bguk/soccon.pdf Leighninger, L., & Popple, Phillip R. (1996). Social Work, Social Welfare, and American Society (3rd. Ed.). Allyn and Bacon: Needham Heights, MA. http://www.skidmore.edu/academics/english/courses/en205d/s udent7/bib.html Mack, Kristin Y. (2007). Reassessing the family-delinquency association: Do family type, family processes, and economic factors make a difference? Science Direct Journal of Criminal Justice, Vol. 35, Issue 1. http://www.sciencedirect.com.ezproxy.lib.calpoly.edu:2048/scince Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. (2007). Juvenile Population Characteristics. http://ojjdp.ncjrs.gov/ojstatbb/population/faqs.asp Ritzer, George. 2008. Sociological Theory. Seventh edition. McGraw-Hill. New York, NY. Pgs. 347-386. Robbins, Dale. (1990). What do they Mean by Traditional Values? http://www.victorious.org/tradvalu.htm Senna, Siegel (1994) Juvenile Delinquency: Theory, Practice, and Law. West Publishers. http://homepage.mac.com/brenn/Child%20Savers.html Snyder, Howard N., and Sickmund, Melissa. 2006. Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Delinquency 38 Sokol-Katz, J., & Dunham, R. (1997). Family structure versus parental attachment in controlling adolescent deviant behavior: A social. Adolescence, 32(125), 199. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.ezproxy.lib.calpoly.edu:2048/ehost/detail Sturt, Gary. (2008). Theories of Crime. http://homepage.ntlworld.com/gary.sturt/crime/theocrim.htm#farrington Wells, Edward L. & Rankin, Joseph H. (February, 1991). Families and Delinquency: A Meta-Analysis of the Impact of Broken Homes. Social Problems, Vol. 38, No. 1, pp. 71-93. Published by University of California Press. http://www.jstor.org/stable/800639 Wilkinson, Karen. (1974). The Broken Family and Juvenile Delinquency: Scientific Explanation or Ideology? Social Problem
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