The Bracero Movement: Foundation for Development of North American Agriculture

Topics: United States, Unemployment, United Farm Workers Pages: 4 (1324 words) Published: May 5, 2012
Steinaker 1
Sydney Steinaker
Chicano Studies
24 January 2012
Bracero Movement
The United States always has a way of blaming Chicano people for the rising unemployment rates, when in reality the United States is the one who wanted Chicano people to work. After World War II the United States needed more manual labor which then provoked the emergence of countless Mexicans into the U.S.. They were known as Braceros, which were Mexican laborers that were allowed into the United States for a limited period of time as a seasonal agricultural worker. The Bracero movement was well related to the California Gold Rush because numerous Mexicans headed North across the American border because they thought they would gain mass fortunes in the United States. Even though the Bracero Movement caused countless problems, it also led to many successful human rights acts.

Also known as the “Foundation for development of North American Agriculture”, the Bracero Movement was set up to be a temporary event. On August 4th, 1942 the United States and Mexican government instituted the Bracero Program. This program was supposed to end in 1947, but ended up lasting until 1964. Mexicans who came over for agricultural work were given contracts in English and the Braceros would sign them without understanding their full rights and conditions of their temporary employment. When these contracts expired, the Braceros were required to turn in their permits and immediately return to Mexico. The contracts were created and controlled by independent Steinaker/Miller 2

farmers associated with the “Farm Bureau” which at that time had complete control of the agriculture industry. The Farm Bureau had set up a recruitment site that became a major gathering point for their labor force in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua that was directly across from El Paseo, Texas. Most of the Braceros although were known to have came from agricultural lands in Mexico such as “la Conaraca Lagunera”, Coahuila,...
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