The Black Candle and Kwanzaa

Topics: The Black Candle, March 14 Pages: 3 (628 words) Published: October 12, 2013
Specific Purpose: by the end of my speech my audience will understand the cultural celebration called Kwanzaa. Introduction
I. My sister and I introduced the celebration of Kwanzaa to our family five years ago as a way to honor our heritage. II. Kwanzaa is a weeklong non-religious, cultural celebration created in 1966 as a way to promote a sense of responsibility, family and community. III. The celebration is centered around the Nguzo Saba, seven social and spiritual principles which govern the African way of living (Keyes, 2002). IV. There are seven significant symbols associated with kwanzaa. V. Families observe kwanzaa in their own ways.

Thesis: Kwanzaa is a beautiful African-American tradition that celebrates a culture rich in love of family, honor of the past, hope for the future, and principle centered ideas. Body
I. Kwanzaa is a significant cultural celebration observed by millions of people here in America.
A. Kwanzaa means “first fruits of the harvest” (Anderson & Herr, 2006).
B. It was founded by Dr. Maulana Karenga in 1966 (Williams, 2009).
E. Kwanzaa is celebrated by many in addition to Christmas from December 26th through December 31st. II. Each of the seven days of kwanzaa is dedicated to one of the seven principles. A. Umoja (unity) means to strive for and to maintain unity in the family, community, and nation (Williams, 2009). B. Kujichagulia (self- determination) means to define ourselves, name ourselves, create for ourselves, and speak for ourselves (Williams, 2009).

C. Ujima (collective work and responsibility) means to build and maintain our community together (Williams, 2009). D. Ujamaa (cooperative economics) means to build and maintain our own stores, shops, and other businesses and to profit from them together (Williams, 2009). E. Nia (purpose) means to make our collective vocation the building and developing of our community in order to restore people to their traditional greatness (Williams, 2009).


Cited: Allison, K. (n.d). Profile: History and meaning of Kwanzaa. Tavis Smiley (NPR), Retrieved March 14, 2009 from Newspaper Source database.
Kwanzaa. (2005). In Encyclopedia of Black Studies. (Vol. Ed. Molefi Kete Asante and Ama Mazama., pp. 303-305). Thousand Oaks, CA:: Sage Reference. Retrieved March 14, 2009 from Gale Virtual Reference Library.
Williams, J.. (2009, December 31). All about Kwanzaa. New York Amsterdam News, p. 33.  Retrieved March 14, 2010, from Ethnic NewsWatch (ENW). (Document ID: 1947646121).
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