BEHIND AND BEYOND THE BAUHAUS
Originated in 1919 by architect Walter Gropius, the Bauhaus encompassed the school of Crafts, the school of Arts and remains today as being one of the utmost distinguished disciplines of fine arts. Unlike any other establishment, the Bauhaus exemplifies German modernism of the twentieth century. The Bauhaus was not only a platform that allowed various contemporary architects and artists to engage in innovative training but it was also an environment in which production and international debate took place. During a critical time in 20th century Europe the Bauhaus was a prominent movement where the “modernisation process” was born through a way of design. This essay will explore the ways in which the Bauhaus has moulded how we understand design in a multitude of design disciplines such as technology, modern design, architecture and art.
The birth of the Bauhaus
The Industrial Revolution led to overwhelming significances in terms of social modifications within the “manufactured” products of working classes and living circumstances in Germany. Though this was the case, the generation of cheaper goods also took place. 1 The Bauhaus movement’s (directly translates to “the art of building”) major goal was to interweave arts and crafts to produce “a new industrial aesthetic”. 2
The Bauhaus and Art Education
Many of the design processes and techniques that we use today in a diversity of design disciplines dates back to the Bauhaus. The previous idea of “pure art” and “applied art” was challenged by Walter Gropius. Gropius postulated that the fundamentals of design lied in “group innovation”. This meant that a sense of a communal atmosphere would be created between teachers and their students. 3 Josef Albers enrolled in the Bauhaus school during the year of 1920. Since the Bauhaus reinforced significance on the relationship between artistic and technical skills, the approach of the “preliminary course” came to...
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The Museum of Modern Art 2009, Bauhaus a Conceptual Model ,Hatje Cantz, New York
Josef Albers: Homage to the Square: With Rays (59.160). In Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000–. http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/59.160 (October 2006)
Arte 2013, Architecture Collection - Episode 01: Gropius - The Dessau Bauhaus, viewed 27 August 2013, http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_szmgy_YrN8
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