The Battle of the Spanish Armada

Topics: Spanish Armada, Elizabeth I of England, Philip II of Spain, Francis Drake, English Channel / Pages: 17 (4168 words) / Published: Oct 9th, 1999
The Battle of the Spanish Armada

The great naval battle between Spain and England in 1588- one of the most important battles in the history of the world- is known as the Battle of the Invincible Armada. But in a sense, this is a misnomer. An invincible armada is one that cannot be defeated, yet the mighty fleet of warships that Spain sent to invade England, was defeated so badly that Spain could never again rule the oceans. How was it possible that this armada, which had awed all of Europe with its size and strength, was unable to stand up against the forces of a much smaller and less powerful enemy? The answer lies in the differences between these two countries and their rulers, Elizabeth I of England and Philip II of
Spain.
During the 16th century, Spain was at the height of her power. Newly discovered worlds and conquests of different peoples had yielded Spain an abundance of precious metals and gems, which made Spain the envy of all the other European nations. By 1580, King Philip II was ruling over an empire that covered three-fourths of the known world. Even the ancient Romans would have been envious of its size. (Walker 15-19) Religion was one of the compelling motives behind the actions and ambitions of Spain. Philip's father, Emperor Charles V, had established himself as the guardian of Christendom. He also had the dream of uniting all of the
Christian European nations against the Turks and the Moors, who had been terrorizing Catholicism from one end of the Mediterranean to the other. However, his dreams were hindered with the coming of the Protestant Reformation, which split Christendom into two parts.(Marx 22-25) Philip II continued in his father's footsteps as the defender of
Catholicism. After the Turks were defeated in a decisive sea battle in 1571,
Philip turned his attention to another serious threat to Christendom: his
Protestant neighbors. Devoutly religious and good friends with Pope Sixtus V, he was willing to use all of his

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • The Battle of 1588: the Spanish Armada
  • Spanish Armada
  • The Spanish Armada
  • The Spanish Armada
  • Spanish armada
  • How Did The Battle Of The Spanish Armada
  • Spanish Armada
  • Spanish Armada
  • Spanish Armada
  • The Influence Of The Spanish Armada