The Battle of Midway

Topics: World War II, Battle of Midway, United States Navy Pages: 6 (1719 words) Published: December 7, 2005
Could a loss at the Battle of Midway have changed the outcome of World war II?

On June 3rd, 1942, the United States declared war on Imperialistic Japan and Nazi Germany. Due to the bombing of the United States' naval base at Pearl Harbor by the Japanese the U.S. was forced to take action. The United States began their first naval battle near the Midway islands in defense of its pacific fleet and positioning. Midway was the Japanese' last goal for its western expansion in the Pacific.

Just after midnight on June 4th,1942, the United States attacked a fleet of Japanese transport ships. One American torpedo plane took out fleet tanker "Akabono Maru". Later that morning at about 6:30am, Japanese planes began bombing midway island installations, though causing minimal damage to the U.S. naval base. Between 9:30am and 10:30am the U.S. took out Japanese aircraft carrier's "Kaga, Akagi, and Soryu". During the battle the Japanese recovered three U.S. naval aviators. But after interrogating these men, the Japanese murdered them.

On June 5th, 1942, a battleship, under the command of Rear Admiral Spruance, pursued the Japanese fleet westward leaving salvage workers to repair the U.S. aircrast

carrier "Yorktown"(which was damaged a day earlier by a Japanese submarine torpedo).

The last of the air attacks of the battle took place on June 6th, 1942, with the United States beginning to emerge victorious with the sinking of 2 destroyers, 1 heavy cruiser, and 1 cruiser. Meanwhile a Japanese submarine torpedoed aircraft carrier "Yorktown" and the destroyer "USS Hammann", though it took a day for the carrier to turn over and sink. The Japanese submarine escaped with-out destruction soon after the torpedoing. (Naval Historical Center, Battle of Midway:4-7 June 1942, Department of the Navy, June 30th 2003)

I.December 7th, 1942, the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, the United States main and largest Pacific naval base, brought the U.S. into World War II. During the Start of the war the United States encountered The Battle of Midway. This battle would be one of the major turning points during World War II.

The Japanese' motive for the bombing Pearl Harbor was to destroy the United States Pacific fleet so that the Japanese could have complete naval control of the Pacific Ocean as well as to go through with the Japanese Pan Asian program with-out the United

States interference. Midway was the first major naval battle between the United Stated and Japan after Pearl Harbor. It was also one of the most important battles in all of World War II. The battle of Midway began in June of 1942 and ended just 4 days later. Though it was a relatively short battle, it was still immensely important to the United States victory over Japan in World War II.

The Battle of Midway was fought with a variety of naval ships such as battleships, destroyers, aircraft carriers, as well as naval planes and submarines. Many of these ships and planes were lost during this battle especially for the Japanese.(Cressman, Robert J., "No End Save Victory", Naval Historical Center, June 1998)

II. The Battle of Midway was short but there were still a significant number of casualties of ships, planes, and men. Although the Japanese acquired plenty more casualties in all three of these categories.

The United States lost a total of 1 aircraft carrier, 1 destroyer, 150 planes, and 307 soldiers. Meanwhile, the Japanese endured much heavier casualties. They officially lost 4 aircraft carriers, 2 cruisers, 3 destroyers, 275 planes, which was over half the fleet that

they began the battle with. The Japanese also lost over 3,500 soldiers.
The Japanese aircraft carrier "Hiryu" survived the battle just barely to do significant damage to the United States aircraft carrier "Yorktown", though being destroyed just moments after by the rest of the United States fleet. A Japanese submarine inflicted the final blow to the "USS...

Cited: Baikie, Eric. Ngo, Kevin. Collins, McKenzie. "Major Battles of WWII". Viking Press. January 2002.
Bruce, George "Sea Battles of the 20th Century", Stopping the Tide: the Battle of Midway 4th - 7th 1942, Department of the Navy, May 1990
Cressman, Robert, J. "No End Save Victory", Naval Historical Center, June 1998
Dingman, Roger, The origins of naval arms limitation,"Power In The Pacific", Naval Institute Press, 1998.
Naval Historical Center, "Battle of Midway: 4th -7th June 1942, Department of the Navy. June, 30, 2003.
Naval Historical Center, "Preparation For Battle" Department of the Navy, April 1999
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