The Battle of Chancellorsville

Topics: Robert E. Lee, J.E.B. Stuart, Union Army Pages: 5 (1986 words) Published: March 5, 2005
Before writing this paper and reading the book The Killer Angels, there was not much that I knew about Jeb Stuart. All that I knew about him, was that he was a famous cavalry man of the Civil War. I had no idea what the Battle of Chancellorsville was and that Stuart took part in it. Now, after reading about Stuart and the Battle of Chancellorsville, I realize what affect he had on the war and how great of a leader he was. In this paper I will talk about The Battle of Chancellorsville, Jeb Stuarts leadership skills, and Jeb Stuart and the Battle of Chancellorsville.

Major-General James Ewell Brown Stuart, chief of cavalry of the army of Northern Virginia, was born in Patrick county, Va., February 6, 1833. His ancestry in America began with Archibald Stuart, who sought refuge from religious persecution in western Pennsylvania in 1726, and subsequently removed with his family to Augusta county, Va., about 1738. The next generation was distinguished by the services of Maj. Alexander Stuart, who fell dangerously wounded while commanding his regiment at Guilford Court House. John Alexander, son of theAlexander, spent part of his life in the West, serving as Federal judge in Illinois and Missouri, and as speaker of the house in the latter State. Jeb had a very comfortable childhood. As you have probably noticed Jeb Stuart was introduced into the military at a very young age and started to devolope a love for that way of life. General Stuart pursued his youthful studies at Emory and Henry college, and then entering the National military academy, West Point Academy, he then graduated in 1854, and was commissioned second lieutenant in October of that year. He served in Texas against the Apaches with the mounted riflemen until transferred to the new First cavalry in May, 1855, with which he served at Fort Leavenworth. November 14, 1855, he was married at Fort Riley to the daughter of Col. Philip St. George Cooke, and in the following month he was promoted first lieutenant. He remained on the frontier and in Kansas, and was wounded at the Indian battle of Solomon's River in 1857. At Washington, in 1859, he carried secret instructions to Col. R. E. Lee, and accompanied that officer as aide, against the outbreak at Harper's Perry, where he read the summons to surrender to the leader, theretofore known as "Smith," but whom he recognized at once as "Ossawatomie" Brown of Kansas. Lieutenant Stuart received a commission as captain from Washington in April, 1861, but he had decided to go with Virginia, and tendered his services as soon as his resignation was accepted, May 7th. On July 25, 1862, he was promoted major-general. There followed his raid to the rear of Pope's army, capturing a part of the staff of the Federal general and his headquarters at Catlett's station; the raid in conjunction with General Trimble, in which the Federal depot at Manassas Junction was destroyed. Subsequently he was in command before Washington, screening the movement into Maryland, his gallant troopers being engaged in frequent skirmishes and fighting most gallantly in the battles at the South Mountain passes. At Sharpsburg he covered the left flank, and with his famous horse artillery repulsed the advance of Sumner's corps. In October occurred his daring raid to Chambersburg, Pa., returning between McClellan's army and Washington, evading numerous Federal expeditions against him, and losing but one man wounded. His success demoralized the Federal cavalry, and did much to render halting and impotent the subsequent movements against Lee, in opposition to which his command was almost constantly engaged. Other battle in which Stuart took part in included the Battle of Bull Run, he fought in the defence of Richmond, and the 2nd Battle at Bull Run. At the Battle of Chancellorsville, Jeb Stuart played a huge roll in defeating the Union Army. The Battle of Chancellorsville took place from May 1-3, 1863 The new commander crafted a brilliant plan...
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