The Basseri of Iran

Topics: Iran, Nomad, Persian Gulf Pages: 2 (832 words) Published: September 11, 2011
Introductory Paragraph Basseri of Iran is pastoral nomads that that live in the temperate, grasslands and scrublands of the Iranian province of Fars. The Basseri are one of the groups that live in this area of Iran. There are at least 16,000 Basseri in Iran (Johnson, 1996). The Basseri are political rather than ethnic, most common language is a dialect used by the Basseri. The Basseri comes from the hot and arid climate of the Persian Gulf. I am going to talk about ; pastoral migration, marriage and kinship, their economy, political, social and economy. The ways of the traditional Basseri is breaking down and where is this group going in the future? Kinship-One of the main social units of the Basseri society is an assembly of people who share a tent. The Basseri keep count of their population numbers and describe the camp groups is tents (house)every tent lives in one independent household consisting of a nuclear family. These tents are units of production and consumption; each is represented by the male head. They are in control over movable property including flocks, and acts as independent units for political purposes. One of the main purposes is for more efficient herding in small units; the makeup of these units depends on proficiently rather than kinship. Pastoral migration-The winter, groups of two to five units in charge of herding separate by 3or 4 kilometers from the next group. When usually numbering ten to forty tents, by all purposes this is the real communities of the nomadic society. The members of a camp are clearly bounded social group. The camp needs total agreement on questions of; migration, where to set up camp, and all other economic matters. That came about through coercion by a powerful leader to a general consensus. The unity of the camp is enhanced by a recognized leader, who will represent them for political and administrative purposes. In different camps there are two kinds of leaders; headman and where there...

Cited: Barth, F. (1961). Nomads of South Persia: The Basseri Tribe of the Kkamseh Confederacy. Oslo, Norway: Oslo University Press.
Johnson, R. (1996). Basseri. Encyclopedia of World Cultures.
Mark Mortz, J. G. (2011). Cross Cultural. Cross Culture, 286-317.
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