The Baroque Era
Mr. Craton Period 8
The Baroque Era was a period for artistic style that used exaggerated motion and clear and easily interpreted detail to produce drama, tension, exuberance and grandeur in sculpture, painting, architecture, literature and dance and music. It started around 1600 in Rome, Italy and spread to most of Europe and ended around the 1750’s. The Baroque era was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church, which had decided at the time of the Council of Trent, in response to the Protestant Reformation, should communicate religious themes in direct and emotional involvement. The aristocracy saw the Baroque Era as a means of impressing visitors and expressing triumphant power and control. The word baroque can simply mean that something is "elaborate", with many details, without reference to the Baroque styles of the 17th and 18th centuries. The Baroque Era changed drama, painting, sculpture, architecture, literature and philosophy and music drastically with new ideas and the introduction of new inventions to Europe and its spread to Italy. The Oxford English dictionary said that the word baroque is derived from the Portuguese word ‘barocco’, Spanish word for ‘barrocco’, or French for ‘baroque’, which all refer to a ‘rough or imperfect pearl.’ Encyclopedia Britannica 11th edition thought the term was derived from the Spanish ‘barreuco’ which means ‘large, irregular shaped pearl. The word baroque, like most designations, was invented by later critics rather than practitioners on the arts in the 17th and 18th centuries. Baroque was initially used with a derogatory meaning to underline the excesses of its emphasis. The term was used to describe its eccentric redundancy and noisy abundance of details, which sharply contrasted the clear and sober rationality of the Renaissance. Although it was long thought that the word, as a critical term, was first applied to architecture, in fact it appears earlier in reference to music, in an...
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