The Banking Concept Versus Problem-posing
Education is defined as “the act or process of imparting or acquiring general knowledge, developing the powers of reasoning and judgment, and generally of preparing oneself or others intellectually for mature life.” (dictionary 2013) I feel that this definition describes the “problem-posing” take on education in Paulo Freire’s essay “The Banking Concept of Education.” In his essay he describes two different methods of education, the “banking concept” where “the scope of the action allowed to the students extends only as far as receiving, filing, and storing the deposits” (Freire 63) and “problem-posing” where by “responding to the essence of consciousness intentionally rejects communiqués and embodies communications. It epitomizes the special characteristic of consciousness” (Freire 65). The “banking concept” is a method where the teacher is always right and the students should not question anything, and knowledge is simply “banked” in the student’s minds. The “problem-posing” method of education is the much more desirable method because the students and the teacher are equals and everyone including the teacher is given the opportunity to learn from each other. There is less pressure put on the students and it is a more laid back learning environment. I can relate to both methods of education because I have experienced both in my years of school. I usually found that either the “banking concept” or the “problem-posing” method was more prominent, depending on the class that I was taking.
Throughout my career as a student, I have experienced many different methods of learning, some were either “problem-posing” or the “banking method” or a mix of the two. The one I found most favorable was definitely the “problem-posing” method. I liked being able to share my opinion without being told that I was wrong. I liked the openness of the classroom; it made me feel a lot more comfortable. Many of my English and some of my...
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