The Aztec and Maya

Topics: Maya civilization, Mesoamerica, Mexico Pages: 2 (744 words) Published: June 4, 2013
The Aztec and Maya were Mesoamerican civilizations living in Mexico/Central America while the Incas lived in South America. The religious beliefs and practices of the Mayans and Aztecs were similar, but the Incas worshiped the sun. The Mayans are credited for the Mayan calendar and the Aztecs also have a calendar, while the Incas are famed for their masonry and engineering skills. All three were great civilizations. The Mayan civilization is located in the Mexican and Central American rain forest which is represented by Chichén Itzá. Its group of city-states are ruled by a king. Its economy is based on agriculture and trade. Their religion is polytheistic. While the Aztec civilization is located in an arid valley in central Mexico. While Tenochtitlan was the capital of the Aztecs and was ruled by an emperor. The economy is based on agriculture. Their religion is polytheistic and based on warfare. The Incan civilization is located in the Andes Mountains of South America. Cuzco is the capital city of the Incas and it is ruled by an emperor. Their economy is based on high-altitude agriculture. Their religion is polytheistic also. To compare between the Aztec and the Mayan civilizations, both Aztec and Mayan were ancient American civilizations who were encountered by the Spaniards when they invaded America. Both Aztec and Mayan believed that continuation of universe depended on religious ceremonies. Both believed that they had to please gods by performing blood offerings and both practiced human sacrifices. The Aztecs believed in offering human hearts and blood as form of nourishment required by the gods. The economy of both Mayans and Aztecs were primarily based on Agriculture. Both civilizations lived in permanent towns and cities. They developed great art and architecture by working in clay, wood, metal and stone. They produced woven fabrics. Both societies observed and measured movements of celestial bodies like the sun and moon. Both possessed calendars which...
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