The Aversion Project

Good Essays
1) very briefly summarize the case study
The Aversion Project was conducted during in Africa. This project was conducted during the apartheid era (1971-1989), an era that promotes segregations. During this experiment, the subjects were soldiers of both genders with homosexual characteristics. The goal of this experiment was to find an efficient method to change the subjects’ homosexuality. In the experiment lead by then South African Defense Force (SADF), unethical methods of experimentation were implemented. The male subjects were exposed to pornographic images of men to stimulate arousal. The pornographic images of men were then followed by electric shocks. After the shocks, they were shown pornographic images of women. The females did not
…show more content…
Some of these principles were violated during the Aversion Project. As stated by APTA, all physical therapists shall respect the inherent dignity and rights of all individually. The Aversion project did not follow this principle. The nature of the experiment disregarded the rights of the subjects to choose their own sexual orientations. The Aversion Project’s lack of respect for human rights was evident in their procedure of changing its’ subject sexual orientation through sex change surgery. Furthermore, APTA stated that all physical should be trustworthy and compassionate in addressing the rights and needs of patients/clients. Compassion, as one of the core value of this principle, was not demonstrated during the Aversion Project. The Aversion Project used cruel tactics, such as the electric test, to test its subjects.

3) using what you learned in chapters 3 and 4, discuss why those actions violated the codes and if anything could have been done to make the study ethical.
By pressuring the subjects to change their homosexuality, and admitting them to sex change procedures, the SADF went against APTA’s code of ethics. By requiring the subjects to go through sex change procedures, the Aversion Project show a disregard for its subjects’ individual rights. Additionally, by implementing electric shocks in its study, the Aversion Project shows a lack of compassion towards it subjects. Through its inhumane testing methods, the Aversion Project contradict APTA’s

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Satisfactory Essays

    The Aversion Project

    • 284 Words
    • 2 Pages

    HESI Fundamentals: Pain 1. Wrenda's younger child is an infant, who needs feed every 3 hours 2. What word best describes the pain you are experiencing 3. Frequent guarding 4. Continue the interview with the client 5. Client reports pain of 1 on a 0-10 scale 6. Discuss the plan of care with the client 7. Tylenol does not have an antiinflammatory effect 8. All aspirin products should be avoided in children unless specifically prescribed 9. The dry heat provided by your heating pad…

    • 284 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Taste Aversion

    • 660 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Conditioned taste aversion is a phenomenon in which one would associate a certain taste with an uncomfortable symptom such as nausea, dizziness, sickness, or vomiting. One ingesting a certain substance that causes symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and other sicknesses, which then an individual learns to avoid, usually causes taste aversion. Dr. Garcia whom is a researcher that had realized rats had associated their sickness from the radiation to the food they had ingested prior to the treatment…

    • 660 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Risk Aversion

    • 4064 Words
    • 17 Pages

    Lecture 1: Risk and Risk Aversion • This should mostly be review given your Microeconomics courses • Readings: ▪ Ingersoll – Chapter 1 ▪ Leroy and Werner Chapters 8 & 9 ▪ Ross – “Stronger Measures of Risk Aversion” The most interesting aspect of Asset Pricing, the focus of this course, considers how securities markets price risk (the time dimension alone is largely mechanical although there are interesting interactions between the two). For this question to…

    • 4064 Words
    • 17 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Loss Aversion

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages

    “A Behavioral Study Of The Impact Of Loss Aversion on the Decision Making Of Individual Investors: In Context of Madhya Pradesh” Decision-making is a complex activity. Decision-making can be defined as the process of choosing a particular alternative from a number of alternatives. Choosing from the alternatives is the most crucial challenge faced by the investors is in the area of investment. The principal objective of an investment is to make money. Investment decision making involves the process…

    • 550 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    Measures of Risk Aversion

    • 3951 Words
    • 16 Pages

    Measures of Risk Aversion Financial Economics Martín Solá October 2010 Martín Solá (FE) Measures of Risk Aversion 08/10 1 / 41 Introduction In this …rst stage we will study the individual decisions of optimal portfolio choice under uncertainty and its consequences in the valuation of risky assets. In short, the Financial Theory rests on the no-arbitrage principle. The idea behind this principle is that it is not possible to make pro…ts without risk, without initial investment…

    • 3951 Words
    • 16 Pages
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    Aversion Therapy

    • 660 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Programs May, 2013 “The aversion therapy is considered a type of psychological treatment, where patients will be exposed to different types of stimulus and at the same time it will experience some type of discomfort (Lieberman, 2012).”This treatment is based on the principles of classical conditioning; using classical conditioning to get rid of addictions or unwanted behaviours. Patient’s unwanted addiction is paired with a drug that makes them sick. “Aversion therapy can be used with alcoholics…

    • 660 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Learned Taste Aversion

    • 1063 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Introduction: A learned taste aversion is the aversion developed by an individual for a certain food that caused him an illness. John Garcia first discovered this phenomenon during his experiments on rats. After classical conditioning, rats associate the taste of the food (CS) with getting sick (UC). They therefore create an aversion for that specific taste. Garb and Stunkard (1974) conducted a study on learned taste aversion. They sent a questionnaire about such experience to 700 people. The results…

    • 1063 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Satisfactory Essays

    chemotherapy that nauseate them develop food aversions. As a result, they suffer a loss of appetite and malnutrition. Fortunately, thanks to Bernstein's lifesaver experiment there are many procedures in chemotherapy which allow patients to eat a lifesaver (sweet) to serve as a scapegoat. This protects the patients diet from becoming aversive. *Flavor aversion can be used to protect endangered species. For examples. In America conditioned flavour aversions are used against predators such as snakes,…

    • 270 Words
    • 1 Page
    Satisfactory Essays
  • Good Essays

    After watching the video on aversion therapy, a form of physical therapy, I feel as though we have stepped back in time. Going back to when mental institutions were flourished with different types of “treatment” that many patients have experienced, such as electroshock therapy, ice baths, etc. In my opinion, if a person is clearly not permitting to such painful physical approach, it is considered torture. Forcing someone to wear an electroshock device against their will so that you can prevent them…

    • 178 Words
    • 1 Page
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Aversion therapy is a form of behavior modification that employs unpleasant and sometimes painful stimuli in an effort to help a patient unlearn socially unacceptable or harmful behavior. The first recorded use of aversion therapy was in 1930 for the treatment of alcoholism, but by the 1950s and 1960s it had become one of the more popular methods used to "cure" sexual deviation, including homosexuality and sex offending. Of the handful of methods psychoanalysts employed to treat sex offending…

    • 290 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays