The Attack on September 11, 2001

Topics: New York City, World Trade Center, September 11 attacks Pages: 3 (799 words) Published: March 27, 2008
The attack on September 11, 2001 had influence on the whole world, but the strongest on New York and its economy. This paper concentrates especially on office space market of Manhattan after that event. Due to the tragedy not only the two towers of World Trade Centre were destroyed but, because of the falling wreckage, also the surrounding buildings were damaged and as a result a lot of office space vanished. Those facts definitely affected the supply and demand of the market, but did they cause a significant turn? Most of the predictions about the situation after the attack, assumed that because approximately 30 million square feet of office space was destroyed or damaged (J.Bram, J.Orr, C.Rappaport, 2002), then, as a result of decrease in supply along with almost none changes in demand, the price would rise. However, that occurred to be wrong. The short-term affect on supply actually did not influence the market, as it has already been in downturn. Analyzing the period before September 11, we can already observe a decrease in demand. As a source of that we might see a growth of dot-com companies in the second half of 1990s which enabled companies to grow without need for a larger amount of space. Moreover there was a program created by New Jersey and based on refunding portion of state taxes (Business Employee Incentive Program,BEIP) to lure companies to locate in the area, what also caused the demand for Manhattan’s office space to decrease (A.G.Hevesi, 2001) . The demand did not increase after the attack. Although many companies lost their offices it occurred that most of them also had some other space on Manhattan or in the area adjusted to it and they were reluctant to rent additional space at that time. Furthermore the space in high buildings started to be perceived as risky. The companies became more concerned about security matters and wanted to avoid the damages of possible recurrence of attack. Some of them even moved to the suburbs. Therefore...

Bibliography: D. Gross, (2003), Wall Street Will Abandon New York …And all the other lousy post-9/11 economic predictions http://www.slate.com/id/2088167/
A. G. Hevesi, (2001), Preliminary estimate. The Impact of the September 11 WTC Attack on NYC’s Economy and City Revenues. , The City of New York, Office of the Comptroller. http://www.comptroller.nyc.gov/bureaus/bud/reports/WTC_Attack_Oct_4-final.pdf
Manhattan real estate rebounds after 9/11
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By Jennifer S. Forsyth, The Wall Street Journal
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Miller, N.G., Markosyan, S., Florance, A., Stevenson, B., & Op’t Veld, H. (2003). The 9/11/2001 Impact on Trophy and Tall Office Property. Journal of Real Estate Portfolio Management, 9, 2: 107-125. Retrieved 18 October 2006 from: http://cbeweb-1.fullerton.edu/finance/jrepm/pdf/vol09n02/02.107_126.pdf
Bram, J., Orr, J., & Rapaport, C. (2002). Measuring the Effects of the September 11 Attack on New York City. FRBNY Economic Policy Review (November 2002): 5-20. Retrieved 18 October 2006 from: http://www.newyorkfed.org/research/epr/02v08n2/0211rapa.pdf
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