the association between the directional accuracy of self-efficacy and performance of BS Accountancy students of First Asia Institute of Technology and Humanities

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Chapter I
The Problem and Its Background

Introduction Students with a strong sense of self-efficacy form a stronger sense of commitment to their interests and activities and can recover quickly from setbacks and disappointments. They are the types of people who view challenging problems as tasks to be mastered. Self-efficacy, or the belief in one’s abilities to deal with various situations, plays a vital role in not only how someone feels about himself, but also, whether or not someone can successfully achieve his goals in life.

According to Albert Bandura (1994), self-efficacy is "the belief in one’s capabilities to organize and execute the courses of action required to manage prospective situations." In other words, self-efficacy is a person’s belief in his or her ability to succeed in a particular situation. Bandura described these beliefs as determinants of how people think, behave, and feel.

In a widely diverse view towards studying Accountancy, it is still essential that Accountancy students develop and maintain an attitude to learn, and competence as students who possess a belief that they will succeed in their chosen endeavors. The mere belief about their course-specific abilities in finishing the course will have a great impact on their academic success in compliance with the retention policies laid down by the Accountancy Department of their institution.

The researchers focus on the directional accuracy of FAITH Accountancy students ' judgments about their expected performance. This means that in addition to examining their ability to accurately gauge their current standing in the course, the researchers will also investigate the direction of inaccuracy and the consequences associated with pessimism relative to optimism regarding performance outcomes.

This study examines FAITH Accountancy students ' ability to assess their success in the course. Drawing a model of



Bibliography: Bandura, A. (1997). Self-efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York: Freeman. Bandura, A. (2006). Self-efficacy Beliefs of Adolescents. Charlotte, North Carolina: Information Age Publishing. Bandura, A., et.al. (1996). Multifaceted Impact of Self-Efficacy Beliefs on Academic Functioning. Child Development, 1206–1222. Bong, M. & Skaalvik, E.M. (2003). Academic Self-Concept and Self-Efficacy: How Different are They Really?. Educational Psychology Review, 1-40. Burnett, R. D., Xu, L. & Kennedy, S. (2010). Student Self Efficacy in Intermediate Accounting: A Tool to Improve Performance and Address Accounting Change. The Accounting Educators ' Journal, 109-134. Caprara, G. V., et. al (2004). The Contribution of Self-Efficacy Beliefs to Psychosocial Outcomes in Adolescence: Predicting Beyond Global Dispositional tendencies. Personality and Individual Differences, 751-763. Devonport, T.J Guerra, N., Hsieh, P. & Sulivan, J. (2007). A Closer Look at College Students: Self- Efficacy and Goal Orientation. Journal of Advanced Academics, 454-476. Harju, B.L. & Eppler, M.A. (1997). Achievement Motivation, Flow and Irrational Beliefs in Traditional and Non-Traditional College Students. Journal of Instructional Psychology, 147-157. Li, L.K.Y., (2012). A Study of the Attitude, Self-efficacy, Effort and Academic Achievement of CityU Students Towards Research Methods and Statistics. SS Student E-Journal, 154-183. Zimmerman, B. J., Bandura, A., & Martinez-Pons, M. (1992). Self-Motivation for Academic Attainment: The Role of Self-Efficacy Beliefs and Personal Goal- Setting. American Educational Research Journal, 663-676. Zimmerman, B Carroll, A., et. al. “Self-Efficacy and Academic Achievement in Australian High School Students: The Mediating Effects of Academic Aspirations and Delinquency.” (University of Queensland, Brisbane, Australia, 2004) Espenshade, T., Lynch S Rose, D. “Student Self-Efficacy in College Science Science: An Investigation of Gender, Age, and Academic Achievement.” (University of Wisconsin-Stout, Menomonie, Wisconsin, 2003) Thesis Marder, S.L. “ Self-Efficacy and the Role of Friendship During the College First Year Experience.”(Dissertation, Universty of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire, 2009) APPENDIX A Letter of Consent September 24, 2014

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