The Anzac Legacy

Topics: World War I, Australia, Anzac Day Pages: 4 (1224 words) Published: February 12, 2006
The Anzac Legacy
Figure 1: The Location of the Battle of Leane's Trench at Gallipoli Figure 2: The Effect of Gallipoli Injuries on Facey

N.B. This essay is 987 words, excluding references, bibliography, footnotes and figure labels.

Each generation of Australians aims to leave a legacy of value to its descendants. One of the most significant bequests received from a past generation of Australians is the ANZAC spirit, which is recognised across the world. While it has been described in many ways (Anzac, 1996; Australia Through Time, 1997: 205; Clark, Hooper and Ferrier, 1988: 131; Hickey, 1995: 150; The Spirit of Anzac, 1999), all definitions refer to the qualities of courage, mateship, sacrifice and determination.

There were many instances of the ANZAC spirit in the Gallipoli Campaign, where the qualities were first identified. This battle was Australia's first experience of war on a large scale (Anzac, 1996; McKernan, 1984; Robson, 1969). The Australian and New Zealand soldiers demonstrated this ANZAC spirit throughout the Gallipoli Campaign, as they battled against daunting odds. Many of the soldiers who enlisted to fight for Australia were ordinary Australians responding to the patriotic call. One of these Australians was Albert Barnet Facey.

Facey was born in Victoria, moving to Western Australia when he was a child. He regarded himself as a very ordinary Australian, however his life journey, as is reported in his autobiography, travelled numerous paths (Facey, 1981). This work allows us to delve into the Gallipoli experience of the common soldier, and to perceive the ANZAC spirit in operation at this normally undocumented level.

Courage is a fundamental attribute of the ANZAC spirit. During the Gallipoli Campaign it was critical for survival. The soldiers faced numerous battles from the moment they landed at ANZAC Cove until they left Gallipoli. Facey was involved in the Battle for Leane's Trench, near Tasmania Post (See Figure...

Bibliography: Australia Through Time, 1997, Random House, Sydney, pp 204–205.
"Anzac", 1996, Australian Infopedia (CD-ROM) 2nd ed., Softkey Multimedia, Cremorne, NSW.
Broadbent, H. 1990 The Boys Who Came Home: Recollections of Gallipoli, Australian Broadcasting Commission, Crows Nest.
Clark, M., Hooper, M. & Ferrier, S. 1988 The Ashton Scholastic History of Australia, Ashton Scholastic, Gosford, NSW, pp.129–132.
Facey, A. B. 1981 A Fortunate Life, Viking, Ringwood.
Hickey, M. 1995 Gallipoli, John Murray, London.
McCarthy, D. 1983 Gallipoli to the Somme: The story of C.E.W. Bean, John Ferguson, Sydney.
McKernan, M. 1984 The Australian People and the Great War, Collins, Sydney.
Robson, L. L. 1969 Australia and the Great War: 1914–1918, Macmillan, Melbourne.
The ANZAC Book, 1975, Sun Books, Melbourne
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