Ch. 7-10 Questions
Were all the American grievances really justified, or were the British actually being more reasonable than most Americans have traditionally believed? The British were actually more reasonable than most Americans have traditionally believed. For example, the navigation laws, laws that regulated trade to and from the colonies, would be seen as an American grievance but were not really enforced by the British government until 1763, which allowed people to smuggle goods, “But the truth is that until 1763, the various navigation laws imposed no intolerable burden, mainly because there were only loosely enforced. Enterprising colonial merchants learned early to disregard or evade troublesome restrictions. Some of the first American of John wholesome smuggling”(124). It seems that Americans viewed the British as terrible and controlling, but the colonists actually benefitted from them. The colonists gained free protection from the British colony, and they a gained a monopoly in the British market, “London paid liberal bounties to colonial producers of ship parts, over protests of British competitors. Virginia tobacco planters enjoyed a monopoly in the British market, colonists also benefited from the protection of the world’s mightiest navy and a strong, seasoned army of redcoats”(124). It is obvious that they benefited from each other, and they British can be seen as reasonable. 2.
What was the revolutionary movement all about? The amount of taxation? The right of parliament to tax? The political corruption of Britain and the virtue of America the right of the king to govern America? The colonies growing sense of national identity apart from the Britain? Was the revolution truly radical overturning of government and society –usual definition of a “revolution”? The revolutionary movement was about the taxes that Britain placed on the Colonies. Grenville was placing taxes on the colonists to support the new military defense, so they placed the Stamp Act, which used a stamp to make sure the tax on paperwork is paid off, the Quartering Act, which forced people to feed and shelter soldiers, and the Sugar Act which put taxes on imports on sugar, “Thus some colonial assemblies defiantly refused to comply with the Quartering act, or voted only a fraction of the supplies it called for. Worst of all, Grenville’s noxious legislation seemed to jeopardize the basic rights of the colonists as Englishmen. Both the Sugar act and the Stamp act provided for trying offenders in the hated admiralty courts, where juries are not allowed”(126). The people were against the taxes; they were not fairly represented in the courts when they were tried for violating these acts. This caused uproar by making the colonists feel like they are being controlled by the British government, and that they are not fairly represented. “Angry throats raised the cry ‘No taxation without representation’”(126). 3.
In 1775, which side would a neutral observer have expected to win-Britain or the colonies? Why? As a neutral observer, it would be expected that Britain would have won for several reasons. First and for most Britain outnumbers the colonies with a stronger and trained army, “The population odds were about three to one against the rebels-some 7.5 million Britons to 2.5 million colonists. The odds in monetary wealth and naval power overwhelming favored the mother country. Britain then boasted a professional army of some fifty thousand men, as compared with the numerous but wretchedly trained American militia”(135). Britain had more people and they were better skilled, which displays that Britain has a huge lead on the colonists, especially since colonists are not trained. This would imply that colonists are easier to get rid of then the British army; hence they are the wealthier and stronger nation during this time. Not only were they strong and wealthy, they also received help from the Hessians, German Soldiers, and the...
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