The American Civil Rights Movement: Montgomery Bus Boycott

Topics: Martin Luther King, Jr., Montgomery Bus Boycott, African American Pages: 4 (1305 words) Published: August 25, 2013
History Essay Essay Practice – Montgomery Bus Boycott The Montgomery bus boycott of 1955 was a year-long protest against the Montgomery transport system for equality and desegregation and was another turning point for the American civil rights movement. There were many causes and consequences that affected many people. The causes of the boycott were the discrimination of Blacks by their colour in southern states like Montgomery, Rosa Parks refusing to give up her seat and being arrested and distribution of leaflets in Montgomery. The Bus Boycott also resulted in various consequences. They included the desegregation of public transport, emergence of national figures as civil rights leaders and a new direct action that was shown to be powerful in civil rights campaigns. The discrimination of Montgomery was one of the causes of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Black African-Americans had been facing discrimination for many decades. From slavery in the 1700s to the 1870’s when Jim Crow laws were introduced. Jim Crow laws encouraged the idea of ‘separate but equal’. The two races of America, black and white, were not allowed to integrate and the mixing of races was illegal in most public schools, public transportation and eating facilities. These laws enforced and increased the discrimination of blacks in America, especially in southern states. Although the idea was separate but equal, Blacks still did not receive equal privileges as whites. One example of this were the Black schools of America. They had less qualified teachers, school supplies and were allocated in dangerous areas. In Montgomery, Alabama discrimination was a part of everyday life in the 1050’s. Blacks who lived in Montgomery faced discrimination in the form of segregation in places such as parks, schools, restrooms, theatres and buses and...
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