1) The relationship between the boy and his mother. The mother is overprotective and clingy of Jerry. She allows him to explore and be independent. She endorses that. 3rd person means we can tell their thoughts that establish the relationship. Jerry feels as if he needs to take his fathers role of taking care of his mother e.g. when he looks back at her.
2) Naked arm represents how she doesn’t have anyone to hold hands with. Missing her husband and jerry’s father. She’s exposed and damaged by the sun. The real word and her journey, his rite of passage is shown on her mothers arm and shows the pain and suffering she’s going through. The arm also symbolises her letting go of Jerry showing that he is not a child anymore he wants to grow up and be independent which hurts her because he is becoming distant she is lonely without a husband.
3) In the mother’s beach was crowded which shows that she needs to be surrounded by people since she’s so lonely.
In his beach there are promontories, which shows that he has high hopes and dreams of him becoming an independent man. Jerry’s beach was quiet which shows that he needs to go on this journey by himself. His beach was described as being a wild place. This is stereotyped for males being physically stronger and risking their loves by putting themselves into dangerous situations, which is what Jerry, desires to do. Whereas females are seen as more safe – his mum being in her “safe” beach.
4) The author enhances the tension during the attempt to swim through the tunnel by using descriptive language of what’s physically going on e.g. head exploding, lungs cracking. He wasn’t conscious or thinking straight because he was repeating 115. Despite all the pain he still is determined to keep going through the darkness. Short sentences – quick paced, panicky. His internal timer added to the fast paced situation.
5) Jerry acts as a child when he was saying, “Look at me” to the other guys.