BELTEI INTERNATIONAL UNIVERSITY
The Advantages and Disadvantages of Federal System of Government
Federalism that also we can say federal system is political concept in which a group of members are bound together by covenant with a governing representative head. It is one that divides the powers of government between the national government and state and local governments. The Constitution of the United States established the federal system, also known as federalism. Under federalism, each level of government has sovereignty in some areas and shares powers in other areas. Federal System has played a large role in the government since the time that the Constitution was ratified. It originally gave the majority of the power to the states or national government. As time went on, it used the "necessary and proper" clause of the Constitution to validate its acts. There are three ways to organize power among national and state governments in federal system of government - unitary, federal, and confederations. Unitary governments concentrate almost all government power into a single national government. The federal system, also known as federalism, divides power between national and state governments. Under federalism, each level of government is independent and has its own powers and responsibilities. Because it is often not clear whether a state or national government has jurisdiction on a particular matter, the national and state governments alternate between cooperating and competing with each other, whereas confederations system disperse government power to regional or local governments.
Moreover, it does make sense to intently scrutinizing its advantages and disadvantages of federal system of government. It is come up with advantages by - Localized governance that every province has political, social and economic problems peculiar to the region itself. Provincial government representatives live in proximity to the people and are most of the time from the same community, so that they are in a better position to understand these problems and offer unique solutions for them. Federalism offers representation to different populations. Citizens of various provinces may have different aspirations, ethnicity and follow different cultures. The central government can sometimes overlook these differences and adopt policies which cater to the majority. This is where the regional government steps in. While formulating policies, local needs, tastes and opinions are given due consideration by the state governments. Rights of the minorities are protected too. State governments have the freedom to adopt policies which may not be followed nationally or by any other state. Optimum Utilization of Resources Division of work between the central and the regional governments leads to optimum utilization of resources. The central government can concentrate more on international affairs and defense of the country, while the provincial government can cater to the local needs. Two local governments can have two different approaches to bring reforms in any area of public domain, be it taxation or education. The comparison of the results of these policies can give a clear idea of which policy is better and thus, can be adopted in the future. On other hand, Federal system no doubt has many positives communism or imperialism but still, it also raise about its disadvantages. Federalism leads to unnecessary competition between different regions or state. There can be a rebellion by a regional government against the national government too. Both scenarios pose a threat to the country's integrity. It promotes regional inequalities. Natural resources, industries, employment opportunities differ from region to region. Hence, earnings and wealth are unevenly distributed. Rich states offer more opportunities and benefits to its citizens than poor states. Thus, the gap...
References: Book: Introducing Public Administration (Seventh Edition) by Shafritz Rusesell, Borick.
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