Advantages and Disadvantages of Aid to Australia – Geography Essay
The purpose of Australian Aid is to help developing countries around the world eradicate poverty and to promote stability and prosperity both in our region and beyond, by providing different types of assistance and financial support. Although Australia receives a number of benefits due to aid, several disadvantages can also arise as a result of this link with different countries.
Providing aid to developing countries in the Asia-Pacific region allows the countries to develop politically and economically, helping the region prosper, and therefore improve Australia’s personal security. The aid provided by Australia helps developing countries to stabilise their situation by reducing the amount of development issues such as poverty within their country and therefore reduce the amount of refugees fleeing to Australia. Providing aid to developing countries also minimises the risk of civil unrest and terrorism occurring, and therefore reducing the chance of conflict occurring in which Australia would be affected or forced to be involved in. The stability and prosperity of the government in the developing countries allows for a more stable situation in the region and therefore increases Australia’s national security.
However, providing aid to developing countries can result in an economic disadvantage for Australia. The donation of foreign aid can lead to the recipient country developing a culture of dependence, so instead of using the aid money provided by Australia to help develop their country by implementing programs and policies and eventually gain independence from the aid, the recipient country becomes reliant on aid money for supporting their country. An example of this would be the situation in Papua New Guinea, were Australian foreign aid makes up 80% of Papua New Guinea’s annual budget. When such a culture of dependence develops in the recipient countries, it places a lot of pressure...
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