Abolition of Slavery in America in the 1800's
Slavery is act in which a person or persons is sold, traded and forced to work against their will. The slaves are treated as property and not seen or viewed as people with human rights. Slavery was popular in England and the idea followed our settlers over seas and was incorporated into the American life. As time passed, some people began to see the inhumane side of slavery and wanted it to be completely abolished in the United States. Even 100+ years before the Civil War, controversy of slavery was an issue in the young country of America.
There were many steps in history leading towards the abolition of slavery in 1865. The first was when slavery was made illegal in the Old Northwest in 1787 and it was decided in the U.S Constitution that the slave trade will be banned in 1808. Then in 1820 the Missouri Compromise was put in effect in attempt to keep balance of power in Congress between the free states and the slave states. This compromise had two parts. First it admitted Missouri as a slave state and in order to keep the balance, Maine was created and admitted as a free state. The second part of the compromise was an amendment that prohibited slavery north of the 36 degrees 30' latitude line in the Louisiana Territory, with the exception of Missouri itself. However in 1854, the Missouri Compromise was repealed by the Kansas-Nebraska Act, introduced by Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois. The Kansas-Nebraska Act stated that the matter of slavery would be determined by the citizens of each individual territory, instead of the location of the territory. The Kansas-Nebraska Act passed on May 30, 1854. It didn't take long for violence to unfold in Kansas between the anti-slavery and the pro-slavery residents. Then in 1857, by the Supreme Court during the Dred Scott decision case, the Missouri Compromise was declared as unconstitutional. The court decided that Congress did not actually have the authority to...
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