“The 1905 revolution was crushed. The February 1917 revolution succeeded. Compare the two revolutions and explain the different outcomes.”
There have been many revolutions throughout history, but few are as mighty as The Russian Revolutions of 1905 and February 1917. Whilst there are similarities between the two revolutions, the differences are also notable. The revolution of 1905 marked an opening chapter to upheaval in Russia during the early 1900’s. It was merely a faint echo throughout Europe. The February 1917 revolution, however, immediately caused the abdication of Tsar Nicolas II. Similar circumstances and a common goal were evident between the two, despite having different outcomes. Even so the theme which is shared between the Revolutions is the discontent amongst the Russian people for their leaders.
Until the end of the 19th century, Russia was ruled by an autocratic Czar. The Czar ruled aspects such as law, taxation, justice, the army and all the countries officials. Though the Czar, fundamental laws could not be changed without his consent. The powers of parliament which was known as the Duma were weak. This autocratic rule was sustained by nobles. Who were privileged in having the opportunity to possess land and have the opportunity to hold office in the Czar’s administration. The majority of Russian people were called Serfs. Essentially being slaves to the nobles, they commonly worked on the noble’s private land. Serfs were often mistreated whilst being reprimanded by the noble’s. They were often sold off to other noble’s as if they were animals. This harsh treatment was slowing brewing to a boil after discontent was first evident in 1861. To make things worse famine, recession and the following rapid migration to the cities resulted in vast shortages of food and housing. The Russian Revolution of 1905 followed the defeat of Russia in the Russo-Japanese War, as did The First World War in the February 1917 revolution.