Prohibition was introduced to all American states apart from Maryland in 1920. Prohibition was the banning of alcohol; you could be arrested for sale, manufacture and transportation of alcohol. There were many factors that influenced the introduction of prohibition. One of the main factors was the temperance movement’s two examples of this
Were the anti-saloon league and Women’s Christian temperance movement. The temperance movements were at the strongest in rural areas, they put pressure on state governments to introduce prohibition. They put pressure on them by claiming the Damage to drinker’s health. They also protested that the sale in alcohol produced crime and disorder, poverty and distress, absenteeism and loss of production it also brought misery and turned men vicious. They also horrifically claimed 3000 infants were smothered in their beds yearly. The temperance movement got stronger and persuaded most state governments to ban the sale of alcohol in their state. Alcohol has many effects on the body that could be harmful; this is also another argument for the prohibition movement. Alcohol has the property of chloroform and ether of penetrating actually into the nerve fibers themselves, which causes a craving for relief by recourse to the very substance that produced the disturbance. The poisoning attack of alcohol is specially severe in the cortex cerebrum-the top part of the brain-where resides the center of inhibition, or of will power, causing partial paralysis, which liberates lower activities otherwise held in control, causing a man to be more of a brute, but to imagine that he has been stimulated, when he is really partially paralyzed. These are just some of the effects that could be harmful to humans when they drink. These things were trying to be prevented by prohibition (Temperance & Prohibition). These and many other reasons factored into why the 18th amendment was put into action.