The 18th Amendment of the Constitution

Topics: Prohibition in the United States, Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Prohibition Pages: 5 (1875 words) Published: August 9, 2008
The 18th amendment of the constitution
Prohibition was introduced to all American states apart from Maryland in 1920. Prohibition was the banning of alcohol; you could be arrested for sale, manufacture and transportation of alcohol. There were many factors that influenced the introduction of prohibition. One of the main factors was the temperance movement’s two examples of this Were the anti-saloon league and Women’s Christian temperance movement. The temperance movements were at the strongest in rural areas, they put pressure on state governments to introduce prohibition. They put pressure on them by claiming the Damage to drinker’s health. They also protested that the sale in alcohol produced crime and disorder, poverty and distress, absenteeism and loss of production it also brought misery and turned men vicious. They also horrifically claimed 3000 infants were smothered in their beds yearly. The temperance movement got stronger and persuaded most state governments to ban the sale of alcohol in their state. Alcohol has many effects on the body that could be harmful; this is also another argument for the prohibition movement. Alcohol has the property of chloroform and ether of penetrating actually into the nerve fibers themselves, which causes a craving for relief by recourse to the very substance that produced the disturbance. The poisoning attack of alcohol is specially severe in the cortex cerebrum-the top part of the brain-where resides the center of inhibition, or of will power, causing partial paralysis, which liberates lower activities otherwise held in control, causing a man to be more of a brute, but to imagine that he has been stimulated, when he is really partially paralyzed. These are just some of the effects that could be harmful to humans when they drink. These things were trying to be prevented by prohibition (Temperance & Prohibition). These and many other reasons factored into why the 18th amendment was put into action. Prohibition movements came about in the United Sates in the late 1890s and early 1900s. Prohibition was designed to create a decline in the consuming of alcoholic beverages. Prohibition eliminated the businesses that manufactured, distributed, and sold alcoholic beverages. The excessive drinking among some groups of Americans became very alarming to people in society. Which led to the prohibition movement and the eventual addition of the Eighteenth Amendment (Temperance & Prohibition), but there are also other views that the movement was a failure (Thornton). The worry about drinking was that it was only among a certain sector of the population, but the fear was that these drinking habits were spreading to other parts of the population. The formation of the Anti-Saloon League in 1893 gave tremendous strength to the prohibition movement. Other organizations such as the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union, along with the League, began to succeed and getting officials to pass local prohibition laws. The prohibition campaign eventually became a national effort (Temperance & Prohibition). There are many reasons why prohibition was wanted. One of the major arguments by women for prohibition was that it was tearing apart families because the husbands were too busy drinking and could not support their families anymore. Some other arguments made by prohibitionist were that it would reduce crime and corruption, solve social problems, reduce the tax burden created by prisons and poorhouses, and improve health and hygiene in America (Thornton). Prohibition was the eighteenth amendment to the United States Constitution. It prohibited the consumption, production, and the sale of alcoholic beverages. The Eighteenth Amendment has three sections. It Reads: Section 1. After one year from the ratification of this article the manufacture, sale, or transportation of intoxicating liquors within, the importation thereof into, or the exportation thereof from the United States and all territory subject...
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