THANKSGIVING AT PLYMOUTH
THANKSGIVING’S ANCIENT ORIGINS
The tradition started when in 1620 a group of men, woman and children left England on a ship called Mayflower. They were pilgrims and they wanted to start a new life in the New World. The voyage was very hard. They were cold and hungry and most of them died. The voyage took 66 days and they landed on the north-east coast of North America what today we know as Massachusetts. Only half of the Mayflower’s original passengers and crew lived to see their first New England spring. One day they met some Native American Indian and they thought the pilgrims how to grow corn, how to hunt, how to fish, etc. The summer harvest was very good and successful that they wanted to celebrate and they invited the Native Americans to a dinner where they gave thanks to God for the food, now remembered as American’s “first Thanksgiving”. Thanksgiving didn’t became an annual tradition until 200 years later. Turkey wasn’t on the first American thanksgiving menu, they also didn’t have pumpkin pie or potatoes. In 1827 Sarah Josepha Hale launched a campaign to establish Thanksgiving as a national holiday. Abraham Lincoln finally heeded her request in 1863.
He scheduled Thanksgiving for the final Thursday in November, and it was celebrated on that day every year until 1939, when Franklin D. Roosevelt moved the holiday up a week in an attempt to spur retail sales during the Great Depression. Roosevelt’s plan was very criticize, and in 1941 the president reluctantly signed a bill making Thanksgiving the fourth Thursday in November.
Every November, the US celebrates Thanksgiving Day - a national holiday when families come together to share food, enjoy parades and watch American football. Through movies and TV shows, loads of people around the world are aware of Thanksgiving, roughly when it takes place, and that it tends to involve Americans eating a lot of turkey - and something called 'yams' But far fewer people know what's actually being celebrated on Thanksgiving. So as the holiday approaches, here's everything you need to know about Thanksgiving.
Thanksgiving Day is a national holiday celebrated primarily in the United States and Canada as a day of giving thanks for the blessing of the harvest and of the preceding year. It is celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States and on the second Monday of October in Canada. Several other places around the world observe similar celebrations. Thanksgiving has its historical roots in religious and cultural traditions and has long been celebrated in a secular manner as well. [4 ]
When is Thanksgiving?
Thanksgiving falls on the fourth Thursday of November. This year that falls on Thursday, November 27th. [4 ] Most government offices, businesses and schools close on Thanksgiving Day - with many closing on the Friday after, too, giving their employees a four day weekend. [4 ]
The traditional Thanksgiving meal revolves around turkey, stuffing and vegetables. You'll also hear Americans talking about eating yams. Yams are a starchy root vegetable widely grown in the Carribean. [1 ] But usually when Americans talk about yams, they actually mean sweet potatoes. [1 ] The meal is traditionally rounded off with a pumpkin pie. [1 ] History
The celebration of Thanksgiving is, in general, a feast to give thanks for the fruits of the previous harvest. In America specifically, it dates back to the 1600s. There's some argument over when the first Thanksgiving was, but many think it dates back to 1621, when the harvest was celebrated by the Pilgrims - Dutch settlers of the Plymouth Colony in what's now called Massachusetts. It spread through the new country and was celebrated on different days in different communities until, in...
References: 2- History Channel (2009). HISTORY OF THANKSGIVING. Retrieved April 20,2015 from: http://www.history.com/topics/thanksgiving/history-of-thanksgiving
HISTORY OF THANKSGIVING
3- Christian answers (2008).Thanksgiving Day. Retrieved April 20,2015 from: http://www.christiananswers.net/q-eden/ednkc002.html
4- Encyclopedia Britannica (2014). Thanksgiving Day. Retrieved April 20,2015 from:
Silverman,David. Thanksgiving Day.March 7, 2014. On-line. Retrieved April 20,2015 from: http://global.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/590003/Thanksgiving-Day
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