Thales and His Followers: Anaximander and Anaximenes

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In early times before the beginning of human civilization and development of philisophy people believed in the idea that Gods who basically controlled every individual aspect of human existence controlled the world. Although the Greek culture didn't believe in Animism, an Ionian named Thales adopted this idea in his own way. Thales was born in the Greek city-state of Ionia in the mid 620's(BC.) Thales did not only study knowledge philosophy, but also practiced science, history, engineering, geography, and politics. Thales was the first of his time to propose theories of a primary substance that causes change, and supports the universe. Thales believed that water was this substance, and the essence of life. He also believed that it was made up of small Gods. Although his theories didn't prove to be right, such as spontaneous generation, or the theory that earthquakes were caused by waves, Thales is considered to be the father of philosophy.

Thales had a follower named Anaximander that wasn't just a philosopher, but he was also a scientist and inventer. He believed in the theory of 'apieron" apieron is the unlimited indeficit undestructible substance out of which individual things are created with and destroyed. Anaximander is considered one of the most important of presocratic philosophy all of whom are concerned with the principle governing change in the natural world. He was the first to have developed a comprehensive scientific approach to the origin and guiding principles of the world. He conducted the colony of Apollonia on the black sea.One popular, and apparently successful explanation for the beginning of philosophy has been to point out that Thales and colleagues were the first to offer rationalized defenses for their explanations. So while myths had provided explanations for the various phenomenon of the...
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