Thailand – Cambodia conflict
The Preah Vihear temple area has been debate within Cambodia and Thailand since the very late 19th century. The temple was built during the 9th and 10th centuries by the Khmer Empire. As the Ayutthaya Kingdom began its climb to the modern-day state of Thailand. Siam and Vietnam won Cambodian territory in turn during the Ayutthaya, Thonburi and Rattanakosin ages. The Franco-Siamese treaty of 1867 forced Siam to renounce power over Cambodia, and leaving Siam for the control of Battambang, Siem Reap, Banteay Meanchey and Oddar Meancheay provinces, which officially became provinces of Thailand. Later in 1907, the 4 provinces were ceded back to France in an exchange for regaining Thai sovereignty of Trat Province and Amphoe Dan Sai of Loei Province, in a border treaty between France and Thailand, during the state visit of King Rama V to France. In 1907 the Thai-Cambodian border was mapped by French. However, the subsequent map showed Preah Vihear Temple as being in Cambodia, which is different from the 1904 agreement. During World War II, Thailand took advantage of the 1940 French surrender to hold Khmer and Lao territory lost in the 1904 and 1907 exchanges; Battambang Province of Thailand, Phibunsongkhram, Nakorn Champasak Province and Lan Chang. Beginning in December 1940, this invasion started the French-Thai War. The Thai army and air force, better equipped and outnumbering the Colonial French forces, easily won on land. The French achieved a victory at the Battle of Koh Chang. The Japanese forcibly mediated the conflict, fearing that the invasion would affect their colonies in Southeast Asia. A general armistice was declared on January 28, 1941. On May 9 a peace treaty was signed in Tokyo
Of the nature of politics in the two countries shows that Thailand and Cambodia are a democratic country. Liberalism said that democratic countries will not make a war to each other. But in the case of Thailand and...
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