Tertullian

Topics: Calvinism, Predestination, Protestant Reformation Pages: 13 (4477 words) Published: April 18, 2013
LIBERTY UNIVERSITY
LIBERTY BAPTIST THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

SPRING SEMESTER TERM PAPER

A PAPER

SUBMITTED TO Dr. HOWARD FOREMAN IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT

OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE

CHURCH HISTORY

525

BY

JULIUS THOMAS

CHESAPEAKE, VIRGINIA

MARCH 8, 2013

CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………………………2

HISTROICAL BACKGROUND OF PREDESTINATION……………………………………………………………….............2-9
Origination…………………………………………………………………………..3-5
16th century…………………………………………………………………………5-9

CALVIN VS. ARMINIANISM…………………………………………………………...9-12

BIBLICAL CREDIBILITY AND LIFE………………………………………………….12-13

CONCLUSION………………………………………………………………………………13

Introduction
There are so many different denominations, sects, and theologies within those denominations and sects that Christianity has become un-unified and confusing to believers and non-believers. Though there are a lot of discrepancies between the denominations one doctrine consistently comes to the forefront and causes controversy which seems to have no solution in the near future. This particular doctrine in questions is predestination. To most this specific doctrine does carry a lot of weight. Whether you are reformed, Armenian, or somewhere in between, the way you view predestination determines the way you live as a disciple of Jesus Christ. This doctrine effects the way someone reads and interprets the word of God, does ministry, prays, and ultimately worships God. Predestination is difficult to understand, in all honesty there may not be an answer that is completely perfect to how God would define predestination. Though the doctrine does create a lot of controversy it is important because a person's theology is important to their spiritual growth and ministry. This paper will examine how predestination is biblical and determines the way someone approaches and lives out their faith and ultimately how they worship God.

Historical Background of Predestination
Before the paper can explore and unpack the doctrine of predestination and its credibility within the scriptures there needs to be a foundation established as to how predestination originated. The historical background of predestination is important because through its history the doctrine of predestination is revealed in the process. This section of the paper will cover predestination's history from Augustine till the reformation. The section will unpack how the controversy of predestination became more and more complex by elaborating on recurring issues.

Origination(fifth century)
The complex and very intriguing story of predestination begins with one of the most foreknown theologians in history. Aurelius Augustine, also known as St. Augustine of Hippo in the fifth century became and still is one of the key and central figures in the predestination controversy. Augustine who's personal testimony was no walk in the park as far as his journey from classical philosophy to the intellectual sect of Christianity ,"Manichaeism", and finally his enlightening conversion to Christianity also progressed in his thought process from free will to predestination. Everett Ferguson who wrote "Church History: Volume one From Christ to Pre-reformation" explains that Augustine's process to predestination was a three step process in which Augustine discovered through his growing knowledge and understanding of the scriptures. When Augustine was a proponent of free will he would refer to his conversion from Manichaeism as he, without God's divine intervention overcoming that train of thought. Augustine defered to Joshua 24:15 "I will choose this day whom I will serve" to prove and explain his point. Manicheans believed that "they were predetermined elect to see the truth"1 which Augustine had a problem with. Augustine would use the older Christian view, "free will in respect to faith"1. In other words the individual was able to make a conscious decision and effort to decide their destiny and...

Bibliography: Crossways. English Standard Version:Study Bible. Wheaton : Crossway, 2007.
Ferguson, Everett. Volume one: From Christ to Pre-Reformation; The Rise and growth of the Church in its Cultural, Intellectual, and Political context. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005.
Fisk, Samuel. Calvinistic Paths Retraced. Murfreesboro, Tenessee: Biblical Evangelism Press, 1985.
Gonzalez, Justo L. The Reformation to the Present Day. 2nd ed. Vol. 2 of The Story of Christianity. New York: HarperOne, 2010.
Hall, Christopher A. Learning Theology with the Church Fathers. Downer Grove: Inter Varsity Press, 2002.
Holmberg, Eric. Amazing Grace: The History and Theology of Calvinism. Directed by James Gelet. Nashville: The Apologetics group, 2007
Horton, Michael
Irena Backus, Philip Benedict. Calvin and his Influence, 1509-2009. New York: Oxford University, 2011.
McGrath, Alister. Christinanity 's Dangerous Idea. New York: Harpers Collins, 2008.
Olson, Roger E. Against Calvinism. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2011.
Theo Clements, Paul vsn Geest, Alastair Hamilton, Scott Mandelborte, Andrew Pettegree. Revisiting the Synod of Dordt (1618-1619). The Netherlands: Hotei Publishing, 2011.
Thomas D. Lea, David Alan Black. Second Edition; The New Testament: It 's background. Nashville: B&H publishing Company, 2003.
Turretin, Francis. Justification. Phillisburg: P&R publishing company, 2004.
[ 1 ]. Ferguson Everett. Volume one: From Christ to Pre-Reformation; The Rise and growth of Church in its Cultural, Intellectual, and Political context, Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2005. pp. 276-277
[ 2 ]
Holmberg, Eric. Amazing Grace: The History and Theology of Calvinism. Directed by James Gelet. Nashville: The Apologetics group, 2007
[ 3 ]
2 Holmberg, Eric. Amazing Grace: The History and Theology of Calvinism. Directed by James Gelet. Nashville: The Apologetics group, 2007
[ 4 ]
Luther, Martin. Three Treatise. Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1960 pp. 13
[ 5 ]
[ 6 ]. 2 Holmberg, Eric. Amazing Grace: The History and Theology of Calvinism. Directed by James Gelet. Nashville: The Apologetics group, 2007
Luther, Martin
Gonzalez, Justo L. The Reformation to the Present Day. 2nd ed. Vol. 2 of The Sotry of Christianity. New York: Harperone, 2010 pp. 229-230
[ 9 ]
Theo Clements, Paul vsn Geest, Alastair Hamilton, Scott Mandelborte, Andrew Pettegree. Revisiting the Synod of Dordt(1618-1619). The Netherlands: Hotei Publishing, 2011. pp. 1-2
[ 10 ]
[ 11 ]. 9 Horton, Michael. For Calvinism. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2011 pp. 58
Olson, Roger E
[ 12 ]. 10 Olson, Roger E. Against Calvinism. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2011 pp. 111, 128-129
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