Terrorism: political, psychological and religious aspects.
Today terrorism is very much a concerning issue which has dominated our lives, most particularly, since the attack on the twin towers in the New York City in September 11th 2001. Thus, it has been the centre of much discussion and has gained unprecedented importance. Apart from this terrorists struck at targets around the world became a central front in the global war against terrorism and the locus of so many deadly attacks against civilians. Al-Qaida and other terrorist groups made clear once again their relentless pursuit of evil in deﬁance(вызывающее поведение, вызов) of any law—human or divine. The year saw heinous crimes against the international community, humanitarian organizations, and mankind. Academics, politicians, security experts and journalists all use a variety of definitions of terrorism. Some definitions focus on the terrorist organizations mode of operation, while others emphasize the motivations and characteristics of individual terrorists. A United Nations Security Council report described terrorism as any act “ intended no cause death or serious bodily harm to civilians or non-combatants with the purpose of intimidating the population or compelling government or an international organization to do or abstain of doing any act”. There are however different approaches to terrorism. Some experts see it as being a political activity, other find it religious aspect, the rest claim terrorism being first and foremost a psychological impact. Thus, the Encyclopedia of Britannica describes terrorism as, "the systematic use of terror or unpredictable violence against governments, publics, or individuals, to attain a political objective. Indeed, something all terrorist attack have in common is their implementation for political purpose. Terrorism is a political tactic that is used by activists to effect change they strive for. The motivation may be to affect a political reform, or overthrow a...
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