Counter Terrorism and Intelligence Framework
HSM 433 Counter Terrorism & Intelligence Analysis
January 14, 2012
Counter Terrorism and Intelligence Framework
Terrorism is the warfare of the future. The battlefield has changed and it will take professional intelligence agencies to gather information about these unorthodox combatants. To help fight the war on terror, intelligence corporations must be present. However, some of the agencies can be combined with others to make a “super agency”. Three agencies that currently play a major role in the battle on terrorism will be the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI), Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), and the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA). Discussion will be given on which agencies can be combined, what the roles of the agencies will be, and the function of each in the intelligence community. Furthermore, discussion will be given to what counterterrorism and counterintelligence tools the agencies will have available to them and what policies should be put in place to help combat terrorism in the future. The tools that will be used for counterterrorism will be the use of Special Operations Forces (SOF), unmanned aerial vehicle strikes (UAV’s), and cutting off funding to the terrorist organizations. Also the use of human intelligence, open source intelligence, and signal intelligence will be covered.
To get a better understanding of the creation of this “super agency” details need to be giving about the agencies that will take part. The details will show history, how the agency works and how the agency affects counter-terrorism and intelligence gathering. The first agency that will be discussed is the FBI. The FBI originated in 1908 when Attorney General Charles J. Bonapart selected special agents to be the sole investigative force of the Department of Justice (Department of Justice). The FBI responsibilities include criminal law enforcement, domestic counterterrorism, and domestic counterintelligence (Richelson, 2011). Like all intelligence agencies the attacks on Sept 11, 2001 brought change to the organization. Furthermore, it was found that the attacks may have been stopped if the FBI headquarters would have followed up on information provided to them from the Phoenix and Minneapolis field offices. This one event called for the reorganization of the entire FBI’s national security framework (Richelson, 2011). Then in 2005 the call was answered when the FBI officially established a National Security Branch (NSB) which was responsible for all counterterrorism/counterintelligence divisions and also the Director of Intelligence. By creating this division within the FBI, any counterintelligence and counterterrorism efforts where now located in one location.
The second organization that will be incorporated into the “super agency” is the Central Intelligence Agency or CIA. The CIA was established in 1947 by then President Harry Truman. The National Security Act charged the CIA with coordinating the nation’s intelligence activities and correlating, evaluating, and disseminating intelligence affecting national security (History of the CIA, 2007). The CIA in its inception has five main functions: 1.
to advise the National Security Council in matters concerning such intelligence activities of the government departments and agencies as relate to national security 2.
to make recommendations to the National Security Council for the coordination of such intelligence activities of the departments and agencies of the government as relate to national security 3.
to correlate and evaluate the intelligence relating to national security, and to provide for the appropriate dissemination of such intelligence within the government, using, where appropriate, existing agencies and facilities 4.
to perform for the benefit of existing intelligence agencies such additional services of common concern as the National Security Council determines can be more...
References: History of the CIA. (2007, April 10). Retrieved December 1, 2012, from Central Intelligence Agency: https://www.cia.gov/about-cia/history-of-the-cia/index.html
INTelligence: Open Source Intelligence. (2010, July 23). Retrieved January 1, 2013, from Central Intelligence Agency: https://www.cia.gov/news-information/featured-story-archive/2010-featured-story-archive/open-source-intelligence.html
About DIA. (2012, May 18). Retrieved December 1, 2012, from Defense Intelligence Agency: http://www.dia.mil/about/faq/
Austin, R. (2010). Unmanned Aircraft Systems : UAV Design, Development and Deployment. Hoboken: Wiley.
Department of Justice. (n.d.). Frequently Asked Questions. Retrieved December 1, 2012, from The Federal Bureau of Investigation: http://www.fbi.gov/about-us/faqs
Henley-Putnam’s Intelligence Management. (n.d.). Retrieved December 15, 2012, from Henley-Putnam University: http://www.henley-putnam.edu/intelligence-degrees/human-intelligence.aspx
Richelson, J. (2011). The U.S. INTELLIGENCE COMMUNITY (6th Edition). Boulder: Westview Press.
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