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Topics: Bullying, Relational aggression, Aggression Pages: 13 (3835 words) Published: February 8, 2014
INTRODUCTION
What is Bullying
Aggressive behavior may be bullying depending on what happened, how often it happens and who it happens to. Find out what bullying is and what the different types are. You can also learn more about other topics related to bullying. Bullying Definition

Bullying is unwanted, aggressive behavior among school aged children that involves a real or perceived power imbalance. The behavior is repeated, or has the potential to be repeated, over time. Bullying includes actions such as making threats, spreading rumors, attacking someone physically or verbally, and excluding someone from a group on purpose. The Roles Kids Play

There are many roles that kids can play. Kids can bully others, they can be bullied, or they may witness bullying. When kids are involved in bullying, they often play more than one role. It is important to understand the multiple roles kids play in order to effectively prevent and respond to bullying. Related Topics

There are many other types of aggressive behavior that don’t fit the definition of bullying. This does not mean that they are any less serious or require less attention than bullying. Rather, these behaviors require different prevention and response strategies.

What is Bullying?
Bullying is a pattern of aggressive behaviour meant to hurt or cause discomfort to another person. Bullies always have more power than victims. Their power comes from physical size, strength, status, and support within the peer group. There are three types of bullying:

Physical: a person is harmed or their property damaged
Some examples are:
slapping, hitting, pinching, punching, kicking
locking in a confined space
unwelcome touching
extortion
Verbal: a person’s feelings are hurt through insults and name-calling Some examples are:
name-calling
unwelcome teasing
taunting
spreading rumours, gossiping
racist or homophobic comments
Social: a person is shunned or excluded from groups and events. Some examples are:
excluding from a group
threatening or insulting graffiti
threatening notes, letters, emails, telephone calls
threatening words, actions or weapons
Bullying may be obvious or hidden. Children who are being bullied...or are bullying others may: complain of being poorly treated
change their behaviour (for example, sleeplessness, loss of appetite, angry outbursts, being sick in the morning, become more aggressive towards siblings) be unwilling to leave the house, change their route to school, or skip school come home with torn clothes, unexplained bruises, new clothes or other items, or money not accounted for talk about responding to others in a way that may result in the school taking disciplinary action start doing poorly in school

The terms harassment and intimidation are sometimes used when referring to bullying situations involving junior and senior high students. Harassment is any behaviour or comment that is hurtful, degrading, humiliating or offensive to another person. Intimidation is the act of causing fear in order to force or influence someone to do, or not to do, something. Some examples of harassment and intimidation:

name-calling
unwelcome teasing
locking in a confined space
racist or homophobic slurs
unwelcome touching
threatening notes, letters, e-mails
threatening words, actions or weapons
taunting
excluding from a group
spreading rumours
threatening or insulting graffiti
stalking
extortion

WHO ARE THE VICTIMS OF BULLYING
Bullying victims tend to be polar opposites of bullies. They are often shy and quiet, with few friends and little social support at school. They may be physically weak or lack confidence in their strength. Hence, they rarely stand up to bullies. Victims often have poor social skills. One study showed that students and teachers perceive victims to: display vulnerability (e.g., “look scared”).

be nonassertive (e.g., “gives in to the bully too easily”). reward, and thus reinforce, bullying (e.g., “cries when picked...
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