Tenancies: Leasehold Estate and Tenancy

Satisfactory Essays
TOPIC 5: TENANCIES
5.1 Definition of a Lease/Tenancy 5.1.1 ‘Tenancy’ and ‘Tenancy Exempt from Registration’ – ss 5, 213 and 223

5.2 Creation of a Tenancy 5.2.1 Indorsement of Tenancy

5.3 Types of Tenancy under NLC

5.4 Determination of Tenancies

References:
1. Teo & Khaw, Chapter 6
2. Sihombing J, Chapter 15
3. Joshua, Chapter 8
4. Salleh Buang, Chapter 7
5. Ainul Jaria Maidin, Chapter 8

TOPIC 5: TENANCIES 5.1 DEFINITION OF A TENANCY
• Meaning under NLC: o “tenancy”: ss 213 & 223 – ‘tenancy exempt from registration’.

• Identify the differences between a lease and tenancy.
• Mere label of lease does not mean lease but is tenancy: Golden Court Hotel v Pemegang Harta Malaysia [1995] 4 MLJ 708

• Three essential characteristics of a lease/tenancy:
• s 225(2) interpretation

5.1.1 ‘Tenancy’ and ‘Tenancy Exempt from Registration’ – ss 5, 213 and 223 Q: any distinction between a ‘tenancy’ and a ‘tenancy exempt from registration’ under NLC: Tan Kiaw v Gan Chye Khoon [1983] 2 MLJ 109 FC

• Effect of a tenancy exempt from registration on third parties and chargees Hotel Ambassador Sdn Bhd v Seapower Sdn Bhd [1991] 1 MLJ 404

Than Kok Leong v Low Kim Hai [1983] 1 MLJ 187

5.2 CREATION OF A TENANCY
5.2.1 Indorsement of Tenancy
• Orally or in writing: s 223(2)
• May be protected by way of an indorsement on the RDT: s 213(3)

Q1: Whether a tenancy exempt from registration is binding on a subsequent purchaser or a purchaser pursuant to an order for sale? Than Kok Leong v Low Kim Hai [1983] 1 MLJ 187

Hotel Ambassador v Seapower Sdn Bhd [1991] 1 MLJ 404

Q2: Can a tenant lodge a caveat as notice to the whole world? Luggage Distributors (M) Sdn. Bhd. v Tan Hor Teng [1995] MLJ 719

5.3 TYPES OF TENANCY UNDER NLC
(a) Fixed tenancy
(b) Periodical tenancy
(c) Tenancy at will

(d) Tenancy at sufferance

(e) Tenancy with ‘estoppel’ Wee Tiang Yap v Chan Chan Brothers



References: • There must be an expectation created or encouraged by the landlord and reliance by the other party on such promise or expectation: Lord Kingsdown in Ramsden v Dyson (1866) LR 1 HL 129 • Read cases and articles:

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