Topics: Uttarakhand, Haryana, Yamuna Pages: 6 (1927 words) Published: September 10, 2013
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2013 North India floods
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| This article documents a current disaster. Information regarding it may change rapidly as it progresses. Although this article is updated frequently, it may not reflect the most current information about this disaster for all areas. |

2013 North India floods|
NASA satellite imagery of Northern India on June 17, showing rainclouds that led to the disaster | Fatalities:| More than 1,000 (as of 29 June 2013)[1], many thousands missing| Damages:| 365 houses destroyed, 275 houses partially damaged (in Uttarakhand)[2]| Areas affected:| India (Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh)

Nepal (Far Western Region, Mid Western Region)|


Map of India showing Dehradun and Shimla, capitals of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh states respectively.

Effect of flood in Darchula district of Nepal.
In June 2013, the North Indian states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh, some regions of Western Nepal and their adjoining areas experienced heavy rainfall that triggered devastating floods and landslides. Parts of Haryana, Delhi and Uttar Pradesh, and some parts of Western Tibet also experienced heavy rainfall. As of 29 June 2013 (2013-06-29)[update], more than 1,000 people have died with many more missing.[3] Damage to bridges and roads left over 70,000 pilgrims and tourists trapped in various places,[4][5][6] many of whom were rescued.[7][8] As of 30 June 2013 (2013-06-30)[update], about 300 - 400 people are said to be still stranded.[9] The Indian Air Force, the Army and paramilitary troops have evacuated more than 110,000 people from the flood hit area.[10] Although Uttarakhand Assembly Speaker, based on various ground reports said that the death toll could cross 10,000,[11] the official death toll in Uttarakhand (by 29 June 2013) was 842.[12] Contents [hide]  * 1 Origin * 2 Death and damage * 2.1 Damage at Kedarnath town * 2.2 Rescue operations * 2.3 Other affected regions * 2.3.1 National Capital Region * 2.3.2 Uttar Pradesh * 2.3.3 Himachal Pradesh * 2.3.4 Flooding in Nepal * 3 Aftermath * 4 Environmental issues * 5 References * 6 External links| Origin[edit]

Statue of Lord Shiva getting submerged in Ganges flood waters of Rishikesh From 14 to 17 June 2013, Indian state of Uttarakhand and adjoining area received heavy rainfall, which was about 375 percent more than the benchmark rainfall during a normal monsoon.[13] This caused the melting of Chorabari Glacier at the height of 3800 metres, and eruption of the Mandakini River[14] which led to heavy floods near Kedar Dome, Rudraprayag district, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Western Nepal, and acute rainfall in other nearby regions of Delhi, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and some parts of Tibet.[15] The upper Himalayan territories of Himachal Pradesh and Uttarakhand are full of forests and snow-covered mountains and thus remain relatively inaccessible. They are home to several major and historic Hindu and Sikh pilgrimage sites besides several tourist spots and trekking trails. Heavy rainfall for four consecutive days as well as melting snow aggravated the floods.[16] Warnings by the India Meteorological Department predicting heavy rains were not given wide publicity beforehand, causing thousands of people to be caught unawares, resulting in huge loss of life and property.[17] In the city of Dehra Dun, capital of Uttarakhand, this was the wettest June day for over five decades.[18] Death and damage[edit]

Landslides, due to the floods, damaged several houses and structures, killing those who were trapped.[16] The heavy rains resulted in large flashfloods and massive landslides.[15] Entire villages and settlements such as Gaurikund and the market town of Ram Bada, a transition point to Kedarnath, have been obliterated, while the market town of Sonprayag...

References: 600 villages, covering a population of 5 lakhs, in 23 districts of Uttar Pradesh were affected with flood and As of 22 June 2013 (2013-06-22)[update] more than 44 deaths were reported from the state.[26]
Himachal Pradesh[edit]
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