Topics: Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Maharashtra Pages: 12 (3681 words) Published: March 8, 2011
Telangana (Telugu: తెలంగాణ,Urdu: تیلنگانا, Hindi: तेलंगाना ) is a region in Andhra Pradesh, India. The region borders the states of Maharashtra on the north-west, Karnataka on the west, Chattisgarh on the north-east, Orissa on the east, the Coastal Andhra region on the east and the Rayalaseema region on the south. Coastal Andhra and Rayalaseema were part of the former Andhra state which was merged with Telangana to form the current state of Andhra Pradesh in 1956. The region has an area of 114,840 square kilometres (44,340 sq mi), and a population of 30,987,271 [1] per the 2001 census. The region lies on the Deccan plateau to the west of the Eastern Ghats range, and includes the northwestern interior districts of the Andhra Pradesh state. Telangana region has 10 districts: Adilabad, Hyderabad, Khammam, Karimnagar, Mahbubnagar, Medak, Nalgonda, Nizamabad, Rangareddy, and Warangal. The Krishna and Godavari rivers flow through the region from west to east. Of the 34 districts in India which face acute farm distress, nine are in Telangana.[2][3][4] In 2006, of the 31 districts identified in four states for the Prime Minster's package for watershed development projects, nine are in Telangana region and eight are in other parts of Andhra Pradesh.[5][6] On December 9, 2009, the Government of India announced that the process for the formation of Telangana state would be considered upon introduction and passage of a separation statement by the state assembly of Andhra Pradesh.[7][8][9] The Government of India constituted a five-member committee headed by Justice B. N. Srikrishna to study the feasibility of a separate Telangana state within the Indian Union.[10] Contents


* 1 History
o 1.1 Telangana Rebellion
o 1.2 Post-independence
+ 1.2.1 Merger of Telangana and Andhra
o 1.3 Separate Telangana state movement
+ 1.3.1 Grievances of Telangana proponents
+ 1.3.2 History of the movement
+ 1.3.3 Srikrishna Committee report
* 2 Geography
* 3 Natural resources
* 4 Demography
* 5 Culture and identity
o 5.1 Festivals
* 6 See also
* 7 References
* 8 External links

[edit] History
Hyderabad is the largest city of the Telangana region

In Treta Yuga, it is believed that Rama, Sita, and Lakshmana arrived in Telengana from Dandakaranya (present-day southern Chhattisgarh). They initially came to Karimnagar district and lived in places like the Ramagiri hills and Illantha Kunta village. They then moved along the Godavari River spent their lives in exile at Parnashala, which is about 25 kilometres (16 mi) from Bhadrachalam in Khammam District.

Telangana was the homeland of the Satavahana dynasty (230 BCE to 220 CE). Kotilingala in Karimnagar was their first capital, before Dharanikota. Excavations at Kotilingala revealed coinage of Simukha, the first Satavahana emperor.

The region experienced its golden age during the reign of the Kakatiya dynasty, a Telugu dynasty that ruled most parts of what is now Andhra Pradesh from 1083 to 1323. Ganapatideva was known as the greatest of the Kakatiyas, and the first after the Satavahanas to bring the entire Telugu area under one rule. He put an end to the rule of the Cholas, who accepted his suzerainty in the year 1210. He established order in his vast dominion that stretched from the Godavari delta in the east to Raichur (in modern day Karnataka) in the west and from Karimnagar and Bastar (in modern day Chattisgarh) in the north to Srisailam and Tripurantakam, near Ongole, in the south. It was during his reign that the Golkonda fort was constructed. Rudrama Devi and Prataparudra were prominent rulers from the Kakatiya dynasty.

Telangana came under the Muslim rule of the Delhi Sultanate in the 14th century, followed by Bahmanis, Qutb Shahis, and the Mughals. As the Mughal Empire began to disintegrate in the early 18th century, the...

References: Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2009)
45% of the forested area in the state is in Telangana region, spread across five districts
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