Teenage Peer Pressure & Cultivation
Peer pressure amongst teenagers is one of their most important contributing factors of decision making. Often times decisions are made based on a set of opinions, judgments, values, and/or consequence. Teenagers are usually looking to define their identity to better understand themselves, so the effect of peer pressure is most powerful during this phase. When teenagers need advice on decision making or resolving issues, they start to turn to their friends for advice instead of parents. If all friends resolve their issues in a negative way, regardless of their parent’s rule, each person in the friend circle is likely to make similar choices.
A teenager’s background also has much to do with the chosen social circle. For example, Mary Keegan Eamon conducted a study regarding disrupted school behavior two years later in teenagers. She found that African American males living in single-mother families had higher levels of disruptive school behavior (Eamon, 2004). She also indicated that emotional support, supervision, and educational expectation levels were all low, while physical discipline were all contributors to the disruptive school behavior. A teenager with higher educational expectations is most likely to have less disruptive school behavior than a teenager with lower educational expectation. This expectation usually starts in the home and is present in the neighborhood. This is the reason teenagers group together with those of similar backgrounds to define themselves.
There is a positive, negative, and neutral type of peer pressure. Positive peer pressure is when a friend gives constructive advice towards positive actions such as studying, practicing school related activities together, and even exercise together. Negative peer pressure is when a person is encouraged to make harmful mistakes in exchange for fun. For example, negative peer pressure would be two people trying drugs related to making each other appear...
References: Bernstein, N. (2005, January 25). Sex and peer pressure. MSNBC. Retrieved from http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/6867362/t/sex-peer-pressure/
Parker, W. (n.d.). Fatherhood. Retrieved from http://fatherhood.about.com/od/dadsandteens/a/teen_friends.htm
Eamon, M., & Altshuler, S. J. (2004). Can We Predict Disruptive School Behavior?. Children & Schools, 26(1), 23-37.
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