Teen Pregnancy

Topics: Teenage pregnancy, Sex education, Pregnancy Pages: 8 (2529 words) Published: April 28, 2009
This research paper investigated the benefits and cost of prevention and intervention of teen pregnancy at the state and national level. The thesis of this research is that education, abstinence, and parental involvement are vital in reducing the rate of teen pregnancy. The findings supported this thesis, maintaining that prevention and intervention on the state and national level have contributed to the progress in reducing teen pregnancy over the last decade. Research methodology included a review of professional literature. The conclusion stated that teen pregnancy is not a solitary issue that can be solved with one specific strategy. It is both a cause and effect of larger problems, such as poverty, sexual victimization, child abuse and family dysfunction, all of which attest to the need of major social changes within the community, legislature, and the nation to implement effective changes to reduce the rate of teen pregnancy.

Teen Pregnancy
Intervention and Prevention

Teen pregnancy is closely linked to a host of other critical social issues such as, poverty and income, education, health issues, child welfare, and sexually transmitted diseases. There are also substantial public costs associated with teen childbearing due to social problems afflicting pregnant teenagers, from school failure and crime to child abuse and neglect. There appears to be a correlation between promoting and providing education, and abstinence from sex on the state and national level to teenagers. Although the United States has made strong progress in reducing teen pregnancy and birth rates, the teen pregnancy rate in the United States is still the highest among comparable countries according to a recent study by the Alan Guttmacher Institute. There is also some evidence to suggest that the progress the nation has made in preventing teen pregnancy has begun to slow or in some cases, to reverse all of which suggests that the nation’s efforts going forward will need to be more intense and creative. Statement of Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to explore the benefits of prevention and intervention of teen pregnancy. In doing so, this research may provide information for a better understanding of the focus on preventing teen pregnancy. In addition, this research may provide information regarding the factors related to teen childbearing that continue to evolve in a perpetual cycle, each one serving as both a cause and effect of the other. Lastly, this paper will serve to address the importance of how knowledge, attitudes, and behavior strongly affect the reduction of teen pregnancy.

Thesis Statement
This researcher will be addressing the correlation between prevention and intervention of teen pregnancy on the state and nation level to prevent teen pregnancy. This researcher expects to find substantial data to support that education and abstinence has a profound effect on teens taking stronger steps to decrease the numbers of teen pregnancies and childbirths in the United States. Methodology

The research methodology included a review of professional literature using the EBSCO Host database limiting review to such literature having been peer and / or scholarly reviewed. Defining the Problem

Teen pregnancy profoundly, and in most cases negatively, affects the lives of those involved while costing the community millions of dollars through direct care, ancillary services, and the overall drain on the workforce based on a research project by the United Way of Greater Milwaukee, the Teen Pregnancy Prevention Advisory Committee (2005-2006). • Milwaukee is one of the top ten cities within the U.S. with the highest percentage of total births to teen mothers. • The long-term cost of a Milwaukee teen having one baby is estimated at $79, 320. • Girls born to teen mothers are 83% more likely to become teen mothers. • Children of teen...

References: American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (2004, July). When children have children, No.31. Author.
Ashcraft, Catherine. (2006, October) “Girl, you better go get you a condom”: popular culture and teen sexuality as resources for critical multicultural curriculum. Teacher College Record, 108(10), 2145-2186.
Guttmacher Institute. (2006). U.S. teenage pregnancy statistic national and state trends and trends by race and ethnicity.
Innocent, M.A. and Sugland, BW. (2004). Connecting the dots: how practitioners engage parents, families, and youth around reproductive and sexual health. Annie May Foundation.
Klein, JD. (2005, July). Committee on adolescence, adolescence pregnancy: Current trends and issues, Pediatrics, 116(1), 281-286.
Martinez, C. A. (2007). Mosher national campaign to prevent teen pregnancy (2007). Child Trends Inc. (2007).
Pillow, Wanda. (2006). Teen pregnancy and education: politics of knowledge, research, and practice. Educational Policy, 20, 59-84.
Shore, R., Dr. (2005) Reducing the teen birth rate. Annie E. Casey Foundation.
The Department of Health and Family Services. (2006). Birth to teens in Wisconsin. Retrieved April 6th, 2008. from http://www.dfhs.wisconsingov/births/pdf/06TeenBirths.pdf
The United Way of Greater Milwaukee, (2006)
W.D., J.C., & Jones, J. (2005). Trends in teen pregnancy and teen pregnancy rates by income: Estimates for the United States, 2003 † 2007. Vital Health Statistics, 21(56).
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