1. Teen pregnancy is up partly because there is less of a stigma associated with teen pregnancy since there is more of a "cultural permission" to be a younger mother. The rise is also partly due to the portrayal of celebrity teens such as Jamie Lynn Spears in the media and other cultural shifts, giving teens the idea that "having a baby is the new handbag".
2. The reason the authors use allusion in the first paragraph is to show the readers that teen pregnancy is becoming a trend amongst celebrities and its sweeping teen culture along with it. Whether or not the average teen thinks unplanned pregnancy is fashionable, there are numerous celebrity and pop culture examples of hip, unmarried moms. The author pointed to Nicole Richie and Jessica Alba, and movies such as "Knocked Up" and "Waitress" as examples of these "cool" unmarried celebrities that teenagers look up to as role models.
3. a) The problems that arise when using examples of authority is that statistics can be misinterpreted by the readers. Two legitimate sources on the same topic can provide two different stats. When the author uses statistics and theoretical research in the article it is simply used as an example, and not as a fact. Statistics can vary depending on the location and the results may be different.
b) The inherent paradox that such statistics reveal is that two stats can show entirely different results and completely contradict each other, yet they can still make sense on their own.
4. We are living in an era when not getting pregnant should be easy because we have a lot more contraceptives now then we did in the past. We live in a society where we are educated about sex at an earlier age in school. Also there are a lot more abortion clinics available and numerous birth control methods, ranging from over-the-counter male and female condoms, and spermicides. Other contraceptive options include the day after pill, fertility awareness and