Technology and Decision Making

Topics: Health care, Decision theory / Pages: 11 (3308 words) / Published: Jun 29th, 2014
Technology and Decision Making
HCS/482 Health Care Informatics
University of Phoenix
November 14, 2011

Technology and Decision Making
The quality of patient care, communication between health care staff, and the safety of patients has greatly improved since the onset of technology. Through the improvement of information technology, the ability to collect data and manage the decisions based on the data collected has enhanced in the clinical setting as well as in the business portion. Health care informatics incorporates theories from informational science, computer science, and cognitive science (Englebardt & Nelson, 2002). This information helps to gather and process it in order to make an informed decision. Important information could be missed if the data is ignored. Some of the most recent technology which includes the internet and cell phones has made it possible to access information quickly in order to make the best decision for the patient in order to provide good quality care. Technology changes every day and it is important to keep up with these changes that will help support clinical decisions made by the caregivers. This paper on informatics will show the systems and information theories, the DIK model, and the role of the expert system in nursing care and medicine.
System and information theories
System. “A system is a set of related interacting parts enclosed in a boundary” (Englebardt & Nelson, 2002, p.5). There are many types of systems which include but are not limited to: computer systems, school systems, health care systems, and people. Systems can be living or nonliving, open or closed. Closed systems do not act with the environment whereas open system have the ability to act with the environment.
Open systems can be used to understand technology and those individuals associated with its use. This type of system takes input from the environment, processes it, and then returns it back to the



References: Become a Meaningful User of Health IT. (2010). H&HN: Hospitals & Health Networks, 84(12), 47. Borycki, E., Kushniruk, A., & Brender, J Finkelstein, J. J., & Friedman, R. H. (2000). Potential Role of Telecommunication Technologies in the Management of Chronic Health Conditions. Disease Management & Health Outcomes, 8(2), 57-63. Retrieved from EBSCOhost. Courtney, K Englebardt, S. P. & Nelson, R. (2002).Health care informatics.  An interdisciplinary approach. St. Louis, MO: Mosby Elsevier. Georgiou, A McGowan, J. J. (2008). The Pervasiveness of Telemedicine: Adoption With or Without a Research Base. JGIM: Journal of General Internal Medicine, 23(4), 505-507. doi:10.1007/s11606-008-0534-z Patton, G Shortliffe, E. H. (1986). Medical Expert Systems- Knowledge Tool for Physicians. Retrieved from http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1307157/?page=2 Smith, A., Bensink, M., Armfield, N., Stillman, J., & Caffery, L

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