Broadly defined, the term Technology refers to the branch of knowledge that deals with the creation and use of technical means and their interrelation with life, society and the environment, drawing upon such subjects as industrial arts, engineering, applied science and pure science (Dictionary.com). Technology is ubiquitous, it is everywhere. For instance, it, in the form of computer, has become part of our everyday- life by invading our workplace, our homes etc (Jeffrey K.L., Carol J.H., Jennifer K, 1999). As time evolves, it is evident that technology is becoming increasingly important as well as dominant in every aspect. In this essay, the scope of discussion limits to technology in the organizational context.
“Technology will determine the future for organizations”. In organizations, the definition of technology varies depending on the perspectives of the various schools of organizational theories. The gist of this essay pertains to the discussion of how the Modernist, Symbolic Interpretive and Post-modernist perspectives respond to the above mentioned statement. Because of the fact that no one perspective would dominate the ever-changing world, it is important for us to develop a better understanding of the various perspectives in order to have a better grasp of organizational theory.
The underlying assumptions of the three perspectives are firstly, ontology where it deals with the question of whether a particular phenomenon truly exists, or it depends on the perspectives in which one sees it (Hatch & Cunliffe, 2013). It helps us to identify the way of deriving and justifying the facts, leading to their strong legitimacy and reliability (Clegg & Bailey, 2008). There are two legs to Ontology – Objectivism and Subjectivism. The second assumption of epistemology looks at how knowledge is gained through analyzing the principles, enabling us to better understand knowledge (Johnson & Cassell, 2001). Epistemology can be explained via Positivist...
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