Teaching support level 3

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Development is complex changes including an increase in new skills and abilities such as talking walking writing and smiling.
All children are individuals so although they will go through the same stages of development ,they will not necessarily do so at the same time. As practitioners,we should not consider any child to be average,but focus on the child as a whole.
There are four stages of human growth patterns. These are childhood(which in four stages is known as Infancy,early childhood, pre school and school age).Adolescence,Adulthood and later adulthood. There are also five key stages of development that take place during the first eight years of a child's life. These are Physical,intellectual,language,emotional and social.
Physical development
This refers to the body increasing in skills and performance and includes: gross motor development (large muscles) legs,arms fine motor skills (precise use of muscles) hands,fingers.
Age
Fine manipulative skills
Gross motor skills
12 Months
Picks up objects with thumb and forefinger, picking up and holding toys,pointing to objects,holding cup with help,putting small objects in a container.
Mobile,some crawling,rolling,shuffling,sitting up unsupported for long periods,walking with assistance,trying to crawl upstairs.

15 Months
Holding and drinking from a cup with 2 hands,building tower with 2 blocks,making marks with crayons,tries to turn pages in a book.
Seating self in small chair, walking independently,crawling downstairs feet first.
18 months
Stringing 4 large beads, turning door handles, pulling off shoes.
Squatting to look at things, bending down from waist to pick up things, rolling and throwing a ball, walking downstairs with adult help, rolling and throwing a ball.
2 years
Starting to use preferred hand, building tower with 5 or 6 blocks, drawing circles and dots, putting on shoes, placing 5 rings on a stick, using a spoon to feed self.
Climbing on furniture, kicking a stationary

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