Teaching English Vocabulary Using Games

Topics: Language, Language education, Second language acquisition Pages: 20 (4630 words) Published: August 21, 2013
|Vol 36 No 1, January - March 1998 Page 20|PREVIOUS ... CONTENTS ... SEARCH ... NEXT |

| |The Use of Games | |

| |For Vocabulary Presentation and Revision | |

| |by Agnieszka Uberman | |

| | |Vocabulary acquisition is increasingly viewed as crucial to language acquisition. | | | | | |However, there is much disagreement as to the effectiveness of different approaches for | | | | | |presenting vocabulary items. Moreover, learning vocabulary is often perceived as a | | | | | |tedious and laborious process. | | | | | | | | | | | |In this article I would like to examine some traditional techniques and compare them | | | | | |with the use of language games for vocabulary presentation and revision, in order to | | | | | |determine whether they are more successful in presenting and revising vocabulary than | | | | | |other methods. | | | | | |From my teaching experience I have noticed how enthusiastic students are about | | | | | |practising language by means of games. I believe games are not only fun but help | | | | | |students learn without a conscious analysis or understanding of the learning process | | | | | |while they acquire communicative competence as second language users. | | |

| | | | | | | | | |Vocabulary teaching techniques | |

| |There are numerous techniques concerned with vocabulary presentation. However, there are a few things that | | | |have to be remembered irrespective of the way new lexical items are presented. If teachers want students to | | | |remember new vocabulary, it needs to be learnt in context, practised, and then revised to prevent students | | | |from forgetting. Teachers must make sure students have understood the new words, which will be remembered | | | |better if introduced in a "memorable way" (Hubbard et. al. 1983:50). Bearing all this in mind, teachers have | | | |to remember to employ a variety of techniques for new vocabulary presentation and revision. | |

| |Gairns and Redman (1986) suggest the following types of vocabulary presentation techniques: | |

| |Visual techniques. These pertain to visual memory, which is considered especially helpful with vocabulary | | | |retention. Learners remember better the material that has been presented by means of visual aids (Zebrowska | | | |1975:452). Visual techniques lend themselves well to presenting concrete items of vocabulary-nouns; many are | | | |also helpful in conveying meanings of verbs and adjectives. They help students associate presented material | | | |in a meaningful way and incorporate it into their system of language values. | | | |Verbal explanation. This pertains to the use of illustrative situations, synonymy, opposites, scales (Gairns | | | |and Redman 1986:74), definition (Nation 1990:58) and categories (Allen and Valette 1972:116). | | | |Use of dictionaries. Using a dictionary is another...

References: | |French Allen, V. 1983. Techniques in teaching vocabulary. Oxford: Oxford University Press. | |
| |Gairns, R
| |Hansen, M. 1994. Grajmy w jezyku francuskim. Jezyki Obce w Szkole. March-April, pp. 118-121. | |
| |Haycraft, J
| |Hubbard, P., H. Jones, B. Thornton, and R. Wheeler. 1983. A training course for TEFL. Oxford: Oxford | |
| |University Press
| |Lee, W. R. 1979. Language teaching games and contests. Oxford: Oxford University Press. | |
| |Nation, I
| |Richard-Amato, P. A. 1988. Making it happen: Interaction in the Second Language classroom: From Theory to | |
| |Practice
| |Rixon, S. 1981. How to use games in language teaching. London: Macmillan Publishers Ltd. | |
| |Siek-Piskozub, T
| |Silvers, S. M. 1982. Games for the classroom and the English-speaking club. English Teaching Forum, 20, 2, | |
| |pp
| |Summers, D. (ed.). 1983. The Longman Active Study Dictionary of English. Harlow: Longman. | |
| |Watcyn-Jones, P
| |Wellman, G. 1989. Word builder. Oxford: Heinemann International. | |
| |Wierus, B
| |---. 1994. Zagraj razem a nami. Czesc II. Jeyki obce w szkole. Sept.-Oct., pp. 308-313. | |
| |Zdybiewska, M
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Using Games in Teaching Grammar Essay
  • The way of teaching English vocabulary Essay
  • Essay on Teaching Vocabulary
  • Teaching Vocabulary to Young English Learners Essay
  • teaching vocabulary via SMS Essay
  • Teaching Vocabulary Research Paper
  • teaching English by using pictures Essay
  • The Teaching of Literatures in English VII Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free