There are several laws and guidance that a school has to follow relating to the duty of care and welfare of children. These are continually amended, updated and revoked.
The Children Act 1989 upholds a number of principals, one of which defines the duty of care to the effect that a person with care of a child may do what is reasonable in all the circumstances for the purpose of safe guarding or promoting the welfare of the child. The children Act of 1989 also actively encourages good anti-racist and anti-discriminatory practice. It sets out to detail what local authorities and the courts should do to protect the welfare of children.
United Nations Convention in the Rights of the Child 1989 includes the right to protection from abuse, amongst other areas such as the right to express their views and the right to care and services for disabled children.
The Human Rights Act 1998 makes it unlawful for public authorities to act in a manor which is incompatible with the rights and freedoms contained in the act. These include the right to respect for private and family life.
The Children Act 2004 outlines new statutory duties and clarifies accountabilities for children’s services. “Every Child Matters” aims to provide services to children so that every child can achieve the 5 outcomes that are key to well-being in childhood and later life. They are:
Enjoying and achieving
Making a positive contribution
Achieving a positive well-being.
The organisations involved with providing services to children such as schools, hospitals, volunteering groups and the police team up to share information and work together to protect children and young people from harm and help them to achieve what they want in life.
Other legislations that cover the children’s rights are the Childcare Act 2006, which is solely concerned with early years and childcare, improves the five Every Child Matters outcomes, secures sufficient childcare for working