I am currently teaching the BTEC Sport: Performance and Excellence (level 3) to eleven full time students. The course content is competency based and focuses predominately on the psychomotor domain.
Topic: Balanced Diet – Lesson Plan 3 (please see appendix 1) Theory: Bloom’s Taxonomy
When investigating the possible theories that could be applicable to the course content that I am currently delivering it became apparent that there was a possible synergy between Bloom taxonomy of learning (cognitive domain) and Sports Nutrition unit, which has both theoretical and practical content. How does theory potentially impact on learner achievement?
The cognitive domain (Bloom, 1956) involves knowledge and the development of intellectual skills. This includes the recall or recognition of specific facts, procedural patterns, and concepts that serve in the development of intellectual abilities and skills. http://www.nwlink.com There are six major categories, starting with the lowest order process and progressing to the most complex. Production of a lesson plan incorporating all six stages will offer learners the opportunity of achieving distinction level in the BTEC unit. I introduced the theory into a lesson plan based on creating a balanced diet and was able to identify progressive activities for each stage of Blooms cognitive domain. Some input on sources of nutrition had been delivered in the previous learning so entry level behaviour was confirmed through an introductory activity. All developmental activities were delivered in short time spans with 20 minutes being the longest. Learning was confirmed after each stage using a range of assessment methods. The latter increased in complexity as the lesson content moved from knowledge to application. The first stage focuses on knowledge and what the learner is able to remember. They can exhibit memory of previously-learned materials by recalling facts, terms, basic concepts and answers. The first assessment activity in the lesson required students to complete gapped hand-outs on a variety of food. For the second stage learners were asked to compare Nutrients and Non nutrients and when the differences had been identified; provide examples of foods for each heading this enabled them to demonstrate understanding of nutritional facts. In order to achieve the level required for ‘Application’ students were required to use their new knowledge and produce a food pyramid. The task required extrapolation of relevant existing information and reconstruction to provide a visual diagram of balanced dietary needs. The remaining stages of Blooms taxonomy could only be completed in independent study time. The first assignment focused on the process of analysis and was mandatory for students. They were asked to analyse the vitamin and nutritional content of a range of foods that may be relevant to a sports performer. The relationship between different foods in maximising energy was also to be investigated. To encourage synthesis learners were asked to design a food log that can be used to record daily food and fluid intake. To demonstrate skills of evaluation students were required to select foods from each group and plan a breakfast lunch and dinner. How does theory encourage individual learning?
Individual learning was encouraged as the stages of analysis; synthesis and evaluation were given as 3 assignments to be completed independently. Successful completion of all assessment activities and the production of a summary report on vitamins and nutrients contained in a selection of foods (analysis) enabled learners to achieve a pass in the topic. Successful Completion of the remaining two assignments would move them up to merit and then distinction grades. How does theory facilitate group learning?
There was some pair work and small group research but as this theory focuses on six stages of sequential progress it may be that group work is only viable in the lower...
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