Teaching and Learning in Schools

Topics: Developmental psychology, Communication, Learning Pages: 7 (2480 words) Published: April 15, 2014
Teaching and Learning in Schools
The age range I have chosen is 3 – 7 years, and I have chosen communication as the main area of development for this age range. The main stages of communication development are verbal communication, where children of this age range start to use their language skills much more effectively; non verbal communication such as eye contact, facial expressions, body language, gestures, sign language and tone of voice. These too are often effective ways for younger children to communicate; proximity is especially important when considering communication with younger children, by getting down to the level of the child they are more likely to listen and do what they are told. P2

There are several factors I have identified that can affect the communication development of a child aged 3 – 7 years, i.e. children with impairments such as sight, speech and hearing may find it harder to communicate with others. Children with ASD have difficulty in relating to other people, they do not understand the thoughts, feelings and needs of others. In addition, they are usually unable to express their own thoughts, feelings affectively to others. This presents difficulties in acquiring communication skills and being able to understand the social world” (Kamen (2008, p263) A child’s home life can contribute to a child’s breakdown in communication if the child suffers from abuse or the family unit has broken down. The religious and cultural back ground of a child can have significant affect on a child’s verbal communication. P3

The importance of communication within the age range 3 – 7 years is that the child needs to be able to make sense of what is being communicated to them; this in turn encourages a child to use their own thoughts and develop ideas intellectually. Within this age range I have observed that children like to share tasks with other children however emotionally they still need to be reassured. Communication plays a big part in this role as a simply okay or you are doing fine encourages the child in their social and emotional development. Communication also affects the physical development of a child when listening to verbal instructions i.e. asking them to draw a picture of their parents this in turn helps develop their fine motor skills as they use a pen and paper. P4

One of the activities I have chosen that helps support children within their communication skills is Moving an Egg. This activity encourages the child to discuss with each other how it feels to create a carrying implement and what obstacles they had to overcome. The other activity I have chosen is Follow Me If You Can. The activity involves a map of a journey and children are encouraged to draw land marks that fit on to the map. In groups they must then decide and agree with each other what fits where. In turn this activity encourages children to develop their literacy skills and encourage creative development. P5

The role of a teaching assistant in the activity Follow Me If You Can is to ensure that all materials are available for the children, and that the teaching assistant provides extra support to those who need it. It is important for questions to be asked to ensure the child’s understanding and possible demonstrations when needed. Confidence can be encouraged by giving praise to the children throughout the activity. P6

The activity Follow Me If You Can links in to the curriculum of personal and social development as it helps the child to express and communicate their feelings and emotions with others within a group. It encourages confidence of exploring the outdoor environment which also links into knowledge and understanding of the world. It also covers language, literacy and communication skills as it helps the child to listen and carry out instructions as well as responding to others within a group P7

One of the most important roles of the teaching assistant is observing the children within the...

Bibliography: Kamen, T (2007) CHILDREN’S CARE, LEARNING AND DEVELOPMENT, Hodder Arnold
Kamen, T, (2008) Teaching Assistant’s HANDBOOK, 2nd edition, HODDER EDUCATION
Tassoni, P, (2007) Child Care and Education, 4th Edition, Heinemann
www.education.gov.uk/publications/standard/publicationDetail/page1/DfES/1081/204 (17/01/2013)
www.kellybear.com/TeacherArticles/TeacherTip42.html Motivating Children by Leah Davies, M.Ed. (10/01/2013)
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