Assam, the world’s largest tea growing region, is located in the north-east of India, surrounded by seven states viz. Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura and West Bengal and two countries viz. Bangladesh and Bhutan. It has an area of 78,438 sq. Km2. The climate varies between a cool, arid winter and a hot, humid rainy season—conditions ideal for growing tea. Because of tea plant’s(plate no.7), first discovered in China and then in Japan, lengthy growing season and generous rainfall, Assam is one of the most prolific tea-producing regions in the world. Assam is also the birthplace of Assam tea(plate no. 1), a black tea known for its brisk, strong and malty character with a bright colour and a touch of fruitiness is manufactured specifically from the plant Camellia sinensis var. assamica(plate no.2,3), a hybrid of native Assam plants and Chinese tea plants. Assam is the leading tea producing state in India with the world's largest tea growing area. There are over 850 tea estates and more than 2500 tea gardens in Assam that cover about 2,16,200 hectares of land. Each year, the tea estates of Assam collectively yield approximately 680,400 kg of tea, about 55% of the country’s total tea production and about 1/6th of the tea produced in the world. There are three varieties of Assam tea, depending on when it is harvested. Assam tea that is picked from March to May is known as first flush(plate no. 4). Second flush(plate no. 5) Assam tea is picked from June, with the main production taking place between July and September. Assam tea harvested from October to early December is known as the winter harvest (plate no. 6). Unlike others the tea plant in Assam is grown in the lowlands. The local time in Assam's tea gardens, known as 'Tea Garden Time' or Bagantime, is an hour ahead of the IST was introduced during British days keeping in mind the early sunrise in this part of the country. By and large, the system has been successful...
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