Te Whaariki and its relationship with teaching and learning practices for children in an Early Childhood Education(ECE) Services
In my report I will be demonstrating my knowledge of the New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum which is Te Whaariki: He Whariki Matauranga mo nga Mokopuna o Aotearoa. It was introduced in 1980 by Helen May and Margret Carr and was published in 1996 for all early childhood education in New Zealand. Te Whaariki is a curriculum guideline for teachers and educators in an early childhood services to teach and follow the learning programme for children aged birth till five years old. (Ministry of Education, 1996)
According to Te Whaariki, it is a woven mat to aspire the learners to become confident learners, thinking that they have a place and are actively involved with their wider surroundings as stated in Te Whaariki that their vision for children is “to grow up as competent and confident learners and communicators, healthy in mind, body and spirit, secure in their sense of belonging and secure in the knowledge that they make a valued contribution to society”. (Ministry of Education, 1996. p. 9).
However, the Te Whaariki curriculum provides the teachers and educators in an early childhood service to set up a programme that is based on the strengths and needs of the children, knowledge of the child development and an understanding of how children learn. As quoted from the Te Whariki, “the term “curriculum” is used in this document to describe the sum total of the experiences, activities, and events, whether detect and indirect, which occur within an environment designed to foster children’s learning and development”. (Ministry of Education, 1996. P. 10). For example if the child begin to develop interest in understanding of letters and numbers then the early childhood teachers or the educators can talk with children about letters and numbers as they come up naturally in the child’s play, display many print materials, read to children often, make a variety of drawing and writing materials available in activity areas. Therefore, the teachers or educators should create fun, learning activities and environment for the children.
The Te Whaariki is divided into four main parts:
Part A is an introduction which explains the purpose of Te Whāriki and describes the roles, responsibilities and care of early childhood services in New Zealand. Part B is talking about the guidelines for kohanga reo and Maori programs and shows the importance of Te Reo (maori language) because it is written in Te Reo. Part C is talking about the principles, strands and goals of the early childhood curriculum and how they enable children to achieve and learn and explains how the principles, strands and goals are linked together. Part D tells about the New Zealand framework for early childhood which outlines essential skills, learning areas, values and attitudes and shows how they are linked to the principles in Te Whāriki. (Ministry of Education, 1996).
In the Te Whāriki there are four main Principles which are: Empowerment is about encouraging children to make their own choices and decisions. Holistic Development is about how children develop.
Family and Community is the importance of linking family and culture into the centre and relating it to a child’s learning is explored. It explains how family input into a centre is important because it allows them to have knowledge of their child’s learning. Relationship is about how children learn through relationships with people, objects and their environment. It talks about how children learn through communication and how to encourage children to learn. (Ministry of Education,1996. p. 14).
The five strands of Te Whaariki are:
Wellbeing which focuses on the health of a child and ensures that children are nurtured and protected. Belonging is about children and their families feeling a sense of belonging so that children and families feel comfortable in a...
References: Ministry of Education. (1996). Te Whariki: He Whariki Matauranga mo nga Mokopuna o Aotearoa. Early Childhood Curriculum. Wellington. Learning Media.
Tyler, J. (2002). Te Whaariki the New Zealand curriculum framework. Retrieved June 8, from http://www.worldforumfoundation.org/wf/presentations/index.php?p=2002 tyler
Ministry of Education. (2008). Regulation: Early Childhood Services: New Zealand.
Regulation (2008). Certification Criteria for Homebased 2008 Early Childhood Education Curriculum Framework. New Zealand.
Regulation (2008). Certification Criteria for Centrebased 2008 Early Childhood Education Curriculum Framework. New Zealand.
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