Tda 3.3

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Unit : Work With Babies and Young Children to Promote Their Development and Learning.

1. Explain the pattern of development in the first three years of life and the skills typically acquired at each stage

Age |Physical Development |Social and Emotional Development |Intellectual Development |Language Development | |At Birth |They Lie in a foetal position with their knees tucked up. They are unable to raise their head. The head falls backwards if pulled to sit. They React to sudden sound. They Close their eyes to bright light. They Open their eyes when held in an upright position. |They very quickly start to Bond with their mother. They Start smiling at about 6 wks. |They begin to become aware of physical sensations such
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|They may display separation anxiety and be apprehensive around strangers. They can clap hands and wave. They will cling to a familiar adult. |They will show interest in picture books. They will watch activities and people with great interest. |They will babble away to themselves tunefully. They can vocalise to attract attention. They enjoy communicating with sounds. | |1 Year |They can stand holding onto furniture or stand alone. They may walk holding on with one hand or they may be walking alone. They can bend down and pick up objects. They can pull themselves to stand up and they can sit deliberately. They can hold a spoon and point at objects. |Co-operates with dressing. Waves goodbye. Understands simple commands. Demonstrates affection. Participates in nursery rhymes. |Responds to simple instructions. Uses trial-and-error to learn about objects. Are aware that some actions can …show more content…
They take pleasure in personal hygiene especially washing hands after toileting. |Joins 2-3 words in sentences. Recognises details in pictures. Uses their own name to refer to themselves. |They talk to themselves continuously. Speak over two hundred words, and accumulate new words very rapidly. They can communicate about matters which interest them. | |3 Years |Can jump off lower steps. Can pedal and steer a tricycle. Go up stairs 1 foot per step and downstairs 2 feet per step. Copies a circle. Can Imitate and draw on request. Can build towers of 9 or more cubes. Has good pencil control. Can cut paper with scissors. Can thread large beads on a string. |Plays co-operatively. Undresses with assistance. Some will have Imaginary companions. They try very hard to please. Uses a spoon and fork Seek and delight in new

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