Identify the current legislation and codes of practice relevant to the promotion of equality and valuing of diversity. •
Disability Discrimination Act 1995
Disability Discrimination Act 2005
Special Educational Needs and Disability Act 2001
Race Relations (Amendment) Act 2000
Human Rights Act 1998
Children Act 1989
Children Act 2004
Education Act 1996
Equality Act 2010
Describe the importance of supporting the rights of all children and young people to participation and equality of access. Ans. Raising achievement- promoting equality of access to the curriculum will maximise the personal achievement, there are groups which does not meet their expected level of attainment, and these are children from black and minority ethnic groups, or those which are vulnerable due to economic or physical circumstance. We need to ensure that the curriculum meets the individual needs, this does not mean treating pupils the same but understanding the barriers which exist and providing the necessary intervention such as additional support which can be put in place before the pupil falls too far behind. Improving participation- there should be opportunity for everyone within the school to become involved in the development and review of school policies, Achieving participation formally by school student councils and parents meeting. This can also be achieved in the classroom by asking pupils about how they learn best. Developing a sense of identity- a sense of belonging and self-esteem should be promoted. When pupils are able to participate fully, they feel valued for who they are and the contribution that they have made. This can be achieved by acknowledging and reflecting diversity within the school in the methods of teaching and the resources and material used. Pupils must be given the opportunity to be independent learners. They become more motivated and achieve their full potential when they are able to make choices and have control of their own learning. This gives pupils the feeling of self- worth and well-being. Improving relationships between individuals and groups- pupils must have their rights protected, but should also be taught about their responsibilities to others. Respect can be promoted informally through every day contact with groups of children and young people. Consideration and fairness should be demonstrated in all interactions.
Describe the importance and benefit of valuing and promoting cultural diversity in work with children and young people. Ans. There are many benefits to gain from the promotion of cultural diversity in working with children and young people, culture cuts across nationality and religion it is what gives people their identity. When different cultures are recognised and promoted within schools will enrich learning and promote the knowledge and understanding of all pupils. It is important to build essential relationship and provide support, the diverse culture of our society should be reflected throughout the curriculum. This can be done by incorporating songs, dramas, dances, stories from various cultures, this will not only raise awareness but will lead to a very rich curriculum.
(2.1) Describe ways in which children and young people can experience prejudice and discrimination. Ans. Prejudice can be experience through lack of knowledge and understanding of diversity. It is the making of assumption about a child for example because he/she belong to a particular group, such as if the child is disabled it is assumed that they have a learning difficulties. Discrimination can be either direct or indirect. Direct discrimination occurs when a child is not able to access part of the curriculum because of their race, gender or disability, an example of this is where a child isn’t accepted in a particular school because of their disability, or a child isn’t allowed to play with other children during play time because of his/her disability. Indirect...
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